Sökning: "head restraint"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 16 avhandlingar innehållade orden head restraint.

  1. 1. Addressing Female Whiplash Injury Protection - A Step Towards 50th Percentile Female Rear Impact Occupant Models

    Författare :Anna K Carlsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; anthropometry; dynamic response; head restraint; dummy; volunteers; whiplash; female; crash test; rear impact; neck injury; occupant model;

    Sammanfattning : Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) – commonly denoted whiplash injury – to vehicle occupants involved in collisions, is of worldwide concern. These injuries occur at relatively low velocity changes, typically between 10–25 km/h, and in all impact directions. Rear impacts are, however, the most common in the accident statistics. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Child Safety in Car Crashes

    Författare :Marianne Johansson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Numerical modelling; Factorial DOE; Stochastic simulation; Accident reconstruction; MADYMO; Child Safety; Restraint system; Anthropometry; Q3;

    Sammanfattning : Traffic related trauma is the main cause of child fatality and injury in Europe and North America, with the large majority of fatalities and injuries occurring to children in cars. Specifically, head injury is a common outcome in injury causing car accidents. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neck Injury Risk in Rear-End Impacts. Risk Factors and Neck Injury Criterion Evaluation with Madymo Modelling and Real-Life Data

    Författare :Linda Eriksson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :injury criteria; rear-end impacts; neck injuries; mathematical modelling; injury probability; head restraints; BioRID; NICmax; risk factors; WAD; car seats;

    Sammanfattning : Soft-tissue neck injuries, also termed AIS 1 neck injuries, are common after low-speed rear-end impacts. These injuries, which can be long-lasting, have increased in frequency during the past few decades. There is no consensus regarding injury mechanisms; however, injury criteria have been proposed, without yet being fully evaluated. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Safety for Children in Cars – Focus on Three Point Seatbelts in Emergency Events

    Författare :Isabelle Stockman; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :Steering; Crash test dummies; Run-off road; Child restraint systems; Child safety; Emergency events; Braking; Pre-pretensioners;

    Sammanfattning : Child safety in vehicles has improved over time. One of the main factors is due to the increased restraint use by children. Nevertheless, studies show that although children are restrained, injuries still occur indicating that restraint systems have the potential for further improvement. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Car Safety for Children Aged 4-12 : real world evaluations of long-term injury outcome, head injury causation scenarios, misuse, and pre-crash maneuver kinematics

    Författare :Katarina Bohman; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Child casualties in car crashes have decreased over the years. Nevertheless, occupant safety in rear seats, especially for children 4-12 years old, needs further attention because motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death and long-term health consequences for children. LÄS MER