Sökning: "genomic variability"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 43 avhandlingar innehållade orden genomic variability.

  1. 1. Statistical assessment of somatic mutations and genomic variability using DNA sequence data

    Författare :Anna Rehammar; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; DNA sequence data; exome sequencing; calling of somatic mutations; metagenomics; hierarchical Bayesian model; genomic variability; calling of somatic mutations;

    Sammanfattning : The development of new DNA sequencing techniques have made it possible to generate high-resolution genomic data at an unprecedented pace. However, the high dimensionality in combination with the substantial levels of technical errors and biological variability make the analysis challenging. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Genomic and transcriptomic investigation of reproductive incompatibility in Drosophila

    Författare :Guilherme Costa Baião; Lisa Klasson; Alistair Darby; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Wolbachia; Drosophila; Drosophila paulistorum; Differential Gene Expression; Reproductive Incompatibility; Reproductive Isolation; Comparative Genomics; Transcriptomics; RNA-Seq; Heteroplasmy; Mitochondria; Genomic conflict; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution;

    Sammanfattning : Both nuclear and cytoplasmic elements can contribute to the emergence of reproductive incompatibilities that influence evolution and speciation. In the projects that compose this thesis, we use genomics and transcriptomics to study some of those elements in Drosophila. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Statistical assessment of genomic variability in tumours and bacterial communities

    Författare :Anna Rehammar; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; somatic mutations; hierarchical Bayesian modelling; cancer genetics; high-throughput sequencing; metagenomics; personalised diagnostics;

    Sammanfattning : Current high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies have the ability to generate large amounts of high-resolution genomic data. The high dimensionality in combination with the substantial levels of technical errors and biological variability typically present in the data make, however, the analysis challenging. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The efficacy of bacterial viruses against multi-resistant Escherichia coli: from isolation to pharmacology

    Författare :Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei; Anders Nilsson; Rob Lavigne; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Phage therapy; Multiresistant E. coli; Pharmacodynamics; Pharmacokinetics; Bacterial viruses; Genomic; proteomic; molekylärgenetik; Molecular Genetics;

    Sammanfattning : The increase of multi-resistant bacteria highlights that the golden era of antibiotics is ending and that alternative treatmentsare urgently needed. Phages have been historically used to treat bacterial infections prior to the discovery of antibiotics and have gained renewed interest in the past decade. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chromosomal Instability and Genomic Amplification in Bone and Soft Tissue Tumours

    Författare :David Gisselsson Nord; Avdelningen för klinisk genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; nuclear atypia; kinetochore; anaphase bridge; p53; breakage-fusion-bridge cycle; TP53; HMGIC; MDM2; mitotic instability; genomic instability; FISH; osteosarcoma; liposarcoma; amplification; tumour; chromosome; cytogenetics; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik;

    Sammanfattning : Acquired genetic abnormalities are found in all types of malignant tumours and may contribute to neoplastic processes by altering protein structure or dosage. Many bone and soft tissue tumours (BSTT) are characterised by complex patterns of chromosome changes, including extensive intratumour heterogeneity and amplification of DNA sequences. LÄS MER