Sökning: "genetic knowledge"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 552 avhandlingar innehållade orden genetic knowledge.

  1. 1. Psychological and Behavioral Aspects of Receiving Genetic Counseling for Hereditary Cancer

    Författare :Afsaneh Hayat Roshanai; Karin Nordin; Richard Rosenquist; Yvonne Brandberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Hereditary cancer; genetic counseling; psychological distress; adherence; genetic knowledge; risk perception; sharing genetic information; at-risk relatives’ experiences; informational needs; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; Psychology; Psykologi; Genetics; Genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aims of this thesis were to investigate psychological and behavioral effects of receiving cancer genetic counseling for breast, ovarian and colorectal cancer and/or with a family history of these cancer types and to determine whether counselees’ informational needs were met. Study I was performed 3-7 years post-counseling. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Opening Pandora's Box : Exploring Flexibilities and Alternatives for Protecting Traditional Knowledge and Genetic Resources under the Intellectual Property Framework

    Författare :Frantzeska Papadopoulou; Marianne Levin; Jens Schovsbo; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Traditional knowledge; genetic resources; intellectual property; biodiversity; Rawls; Coase; benefit sharing; patents; Convention on Biological Diversity; TRIPS; bioprospecting; property rights; liability; reward system; Commons; ITPGRFA; Calabresi Melamed; UPOV; FAO; Private Law; civilrätt;

    Sammanfattning : What happens when resources get valuable and scarce? How is Intellectual Property dealing with market failures related to sub-patentable innovation or purely traditional knowledge with interesting applications? The protection of traditional knowledge and genetic resources (TKGR) has been one of the major modern challenges in international IP law. The entry into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its implementation in national legislation has created more questions than the ones it answered. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Towards improved management of Lynch syndrome; ovarian cancer profiles, risk perception, knowledge and family perspectives

    Författare :Katarina Bartuma; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ovarian cancer; Lynch syndrome; family relations; communication; interview; genetic knowledge; risk perception; questionnaire; gene expression profiling; array CGH; hereditary breast and ovarian cancer; mismatch repair;

    Sammanfattning : Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) is one of the most common hereditary cancer syndromes and predisposes to several cancer types, including cancer of the colorectum, endometrium and ovaries. Cancer develops at an early age and one third of the individuals are affected by a metachronous cancer. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Hybrid sterility and genetic incompatibilities in Ficedula flycatchers

    Författare :Carolina Segami; Anna Qvarnström; Scott Edwards; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Speciation; genetic incompatibilities; hybrid sterility; hybrid inviability; single-cell RNA seq; GRC; Ficedula; flycatcher; intrinsic post-zygotic isolation; BDMI;

    Sammanfattning : Although the theory behind the mechanisms generating intrinsic post-zygotic isolation is well established, very few concrete examples of genetic incompatibilities have been described, especially in vertebrates. Consequently, our understanding of the evolutionary forces shaping the appearance of genetic incompatibilities between natural populations and the overall role of genetic incompatibilities in the speciation process is limited. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Hidden biodiversity in an alpine freshwater top predator : Existence, characteristics, and temporal dynamics of cryptic, sympatric brown trout populations

    Författare :Anastasia Andersson; Linda Laikre; Nils Ryman; Paulo Prodöhl; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; cryptic sympatry; population genetic structure; sympatric populations; intraspecific biodiversity; genetic monitoring; conservation genetics; trophic polymorphism; genetic connectivity; temporal stability; Salmo trutta; populationsgenetik; Population Genetics;

    Sammanfattning : Intraspecific genetic diversity is imperative to the survival of species in a changing environment, and it plays a vital role in ecosystem function. Since this type of diversity can be difficult to detect it is sometimes referred to as “hidden biodiversity”. LÄS MER