Sökning: "gastric emptying"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 49 avhandlingar innehållade orden gastric emptying.

  1. 1. Upper gastrointestinal dysmotility - from endocrinological pathogenesis to symptoms

    Författare :Julia Borg; Enheten för kroniska inflammatoriska och degenerativa sjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; oxytocin; gastroparesis; functional dyspepsia; upper gastrointestinal dysmotility; CCK; gastrin; vasopressin; esophageal dysmotility; satiety; diabetes mellitus; endocrine dysregulation; gastric emptying; gastric emptying scintigraphy; gastric emptying manometry; autonomic neuropathy;

    Sammanfattning : Gastrointestinal dysmotility is common, particularly in patients with diabetes mellitus. The aim of this thesis is to explore whether gastrointestinal dysmotility and endocrine secretion are interrelated, and how the symptoms manifest themselves in these patients. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The influence of opioids on gastric function : experimental and clinical studies

    Författare :Jakob Walldén; Magnus Wattwil; Sven-Egron Thörn; Eldar Søreide; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gastrointestinal motility; gastric emptying; gastric tone; electrogastrography; analgesics; opioids; µ-opioid receptor; polymorphism; Surgery; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Efter operation och anestesi får patienter ofta en negativ påverkan på magsäck och tarmar. Illamående och kräkningar är ett stort problem och många har svårt att komma igång med intag av föda och normal tarmfunktion då magsäcken och tarmarna ”står stilla”. Flera faktorer bidrar- bl.a. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Glycaemic Response in Relation to Gastric Emptying and Satiety in Health and Disease

    Författare :Joanna Hlebowicz; Kardiovaskulär forskning - immunitet och ateroskleros; []
    Nyckelord :Diabetes; Cinnamon; Satiety; Healthy subjects; Gastroparesis; Blood Glucose; Ultrasound; Gastric emptying; Whole-kernel; Dietary fibre; Beta-glucan; Wheat; Oat;

    Sammanfattning : Dietary fibre and whole grains are recommended to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. Low glycaemic index foods that are rich in fibre are recommended to control blood glucose levels. Gastric emptying, together with other factors, regulate the postprandial blood glucose response. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Experimental and clinical studies on the antiemetic effects of propofol

    Författare :Bengt Hammas; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; gastric emptying; gastric tone; orocecal transit time; propofol; dopamine; serotonin; morphine; postoperative nausea and vomiting; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology;

    Sammanfattning : Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is still a clinical problem and its incidence is unacceptably high. After the introduction of propofol as an agent for induction and maintenance of anesthesia, it was reported that the incidence of PONV was lower. It was also proposed that propofol possesses antiemetic effects. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Gastrointestinal Physiology and Results following Bariatric Surgery

    Författare :Jakob Hedberg; Magnus Sundbom; Näslund Erik; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Bariatric surgery; gastric bypass; biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch; PYY; stomal ulcer; gastric emptying; Surgery; Kirurgi; Kirurgi; Surgery;

    Sammanfattning : The number of operations for morbid obesity is rising fast. We have examined aspects of postoperative physiology and results after bariatric surgery. The pH in the proximal pouch after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) was investigated with catheter-based and wire-less technique. LÄS MER