Sökning: "food infections"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 53 avhandlingar innehållade orden food infections.

  1. 1. Feeding Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei strain F19 to infants during weaning : effects on adaptive immunity and gut microbial function

    Författare :Christina West; Olle Hernell; Marie-Louise Hammarström; Outi Vaarala; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; adaptive immunity; allergy; complementary food; eczema; gut microbiota; infections; probiotics; short-chain fatty acids; Th1 Th2; weaning; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Gut microbial composition has been associated with immune-mediated diseases. Breastfeeding yields a microbiota rich in bifidobacteria and promotes colonization by lactobacilli. Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli are considered health-promoting and are used as probiotics, i.e. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nutritional Assessment in a Rural Area of Bolivia. A Study of Zinc and Iron Deficiencies and Bioavailability

    Författare :Claudia Lazarte; Livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; zinc; iron; deficiencies; bioavailability; fermentation; developing countries; plant-based diets;

    Sammanfattning : While originally, protein-energy deficiency was considered the main factor of malnutrition, it is now understood that micronutrient deficiencies play a fundamental role in a variety of health and disease outcomes. Zinc and iron deficiencies are still highly prevalent in low-income countries, whereas insufficient intakes and diets with low mineral absorption are the major causes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Duration of Carriage

    Författare :Johan Tham; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase; ESBL; risk factors; resistant bacteria; E. coli; Enterobacteriaceae; antibiotics; food;

    Sammanfattning : In human medicine, the most important family of bacteria is Enterobacteriaceae, which includes genera and species that cause well-defined diseases and also nosocomial infections. These bacteria can give rise to numerous infections such as septicaemia and urinary tract infections. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Studies on Polysaccharides from some Gram-Negative Bacteria

    Författare :Kurt Samuelsson; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; bacteria; chemical methods; food infections; polysaccharides; salmonella; Information Systems; Informatik;

    Sammanfattning : In this survey structural studies on some polysaccharides isolated from the families of Enterobachteriaceae (Klebsiella and Salmonella) and Parvobacteriaceae (Yersinia) will be discussed. The occurence of some rare or not earlier reported deoxysugars is demonstrated, namely, 6-deoxy-D-manno-heptose, 3-deoxy-L-glycero-pentulosonic acid and five of the isomers of 3,6-dideoxy-hexoses. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Sexually Transmitted Infections and other Reproductive Tract Infections in rural Vietnam : Current situation, management and implications for control

    Författare :PhamThi Lan; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Sexually transmitted infections; reproductive tract infections; prevalence; knowledge; perception; attitude; health-seeking pattern; community; healthcare provider; rural; Vietnam;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STI) and other reproductive tract infections (RTI) constitute a huge health and economic burden in low-income countries. The infections may result in severe sequelae, particularly in women, and facilitate HIV acquisition and transmission. LÄS MER