Sökning: "fluid resuscitation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 20 avhandlingar innehållade orden fluid resuscitation.

  1. 1. Adjuvant therapies to fluid resuscitation in experimental sepsis : Intervention studies in models of ARDS and peritonitis

    Författare :Annelie Barrueta Tenhunen; Gaetano Perchiazzi; Johanna Hästbacka; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Acute respiratory distress syndrome; edema formation; peritonitis; sepsis; fluid resuscitation; animal model; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Sammanfattning : Fluid resuscitation is essential to antagonize the deleterious effects of tissue hypo-perfusion in sepsis. If not thoroughly monitored and individually tailored, fluid therapy increases the risk of volume overload. Volume overload is associated with higher mortality in sepsis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Fluid resuscitation in controlled and uncontrolled hemorrhage

    Författare :Louis Riddez; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Background: For many years, early intravenous fluid resuscitation has been widely accepted as an appropriate treatment of the trauma patient at the scene of the injury, regardless of the type of trauma and hemorrhage. The present Thesis describes the effects of fluid resuscitation on the hemodynamics in the presence of a limited controlled hemorraghe and also particularly in the situation when the bleeding is uncontrolled. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Nutrition in acute pancreatitis - influence on gut barrier and inflammatory response

    Författare :Gunilla Eckerwall; Lund Kirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; Medicin människa och djur ; intestinal permeability; nasogastric; acute inflammation; dietary fiber; Medicine human and vertebrates ; immediate oral feeding; fluid resuscitation; Acute pancreatitis; enteral nutrition; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : Acute pancreatitis (AP) is associated with metabolic changes, acute inflammatory response and increased gut permeability. In AP, traditional treatment has been initial fasting on purpose to avoid activation of proteolytic enzymes and pancreatic enzyme secretion. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Aspects of fluid therapy in the critically ill. Experimental and clinical studies on fluid therapy in the inflammatory conditions

    Författare :Svajunas Statkevicius; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; inflammation; plasma volume; fluid resuscitation; crystalloids; colloids; albumin;

    Sammanfattning : Patients suffering from inflammatory conditions often present with severe hypovolemia due to vasodilatation and increased vascular permeability. Early administration of fluids is, therefore, a cornerstone and lifesaving therapy.However, a vigorous and aggressive fluid therapy increases tissue edema, worsen tissue perfusion and organ function. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Aspects of Induced Hypothermia following Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation : Cerebral and Cardiovascular Effects

    Författare :Johanna Nordmark; Sten Rubertsson; Per Enblad; Jacob Johansson; Patrick Kochanek; Uppsala universitet; []

    Sammanfattning : Hypothermia treatment with cooling to a body temperature of 32-34°C has been shown to be an effective way of improving neurological outcome and survival in unconscious patients successfully resuscitated after cardiac arrest (CA). The method is used clinically but there are still many questions on the biological mechanisms and on how the treatment is best performed. LÄS MER