Sökning: "fluid mixture"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 114 avhandlingar innehållade orden fluid mixture.

  1. 1. Advanced power cycles with mixture as the working fluid

    Författare :Maria Jonsson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :power cycle; mixture working fluid; Kalina cycle; ammonia-water mixture; reciprocating internal combustion engine; bottoming cycle; gas turbine; evaporative gas turbine; air-water mixture; exergy;

    Sammanfattning : The world demand for electrical power increasescontinuously, requiring efficient and low-cost methods forpower generation. This thesis investigates two advanced powercycles with mixtures as the working fluid: the Kalina cycle,alternatively called the ammonia-water cycle, and theevaporative gas turbine cycle. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Pressurized Fluid Extraction : A Sustainable Technique with Added Values

    Författare :Monica Waldebäck; Karin Markides; Åke Bergman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Analytical chemistry; ASE; biomass; green chemistry; household waste; lipid; pesticide; PFE; pressurized fluid extraction; sediment; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The challenge for the future was defined by the Brundtland Commission (1987) and by the Rio Declaration (1992), in which the fundamental principles for achieving a sustainable development were provided. Sustainable chemistry can be defined as the contribution of chemistry to the implementation of the Rio Declaration. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Experimental studies of large particles in Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids

    Författare :Sagar Zade; Luca Brandt; Fredrik Lundell; Ellen Longmire; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; turbulence; finite-size; particle-laden flows; duct flow; pipe flow; viscoelastic fluid; viscoplastic fluid; Teknisk mekanik; Engineering Mechanics;

    Sammanfattning : In everyday human life, laminar flow is arguably an exception whereas turbulent flow is the norm. Yet, the former has been much better understood, naturally since laminar flow renders itself to treatment in a relatively easier fashion compared to turbulence with its chaotic dynamics across multiple scales in space and time. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mixture Effects in Shell-and-Tube Condensers. Theory and Calculations

    Författare :Tord Karlsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :shell-and-tube; heat transfer; zeotropic; condensation; mass transfer; mixture;

    Sammanfattning : Zeotropic mixtures have come into more frequent use as working fluids (refrigerants) in heat pumps and air conditioning equipment due to the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. Substantial drop in performance for shell-side condensation in shell-and-tube condensers when replacing a pure fluid with a mixture has been reported in the literature. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Modeling of Pulverised Wood Flames

    Författare :Ashraf Elfasakhany; Strömningsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; applied thermodynamics; Thermal engineering; Energiforskning; Energy research; plasma; combustion; pulverised wood; two-phase flow; devolatilization; emissions; Gases; fluid dynamics; plasmas; fluiddynamik; Gaser; Termisk teknik; termodynamik;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the current work was at development and validation of modeling tools for simulation of pulverised wood flames in furnaces and study how different factors influence on such flames. The numerical model involves different sub-models for the physo-chemical processes, such as, two-phase flow motion, drying, devolatilization and shrinkage of particles, the formation and oxidation of volatile, tar and char, turbulence-chemistry interaction, turbulence-radiation interaction, etc. LÄS MER