Sökning: "first aid"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 388 avhandlingar innehållade orden first aid.

  1. 1. Fighting for Aid : Foreign Funding and Civil Conflict Intensity

    Författare :Daniel Strandow; Magnus Öberg; Michael G. Findley; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Aid; foreign aid; foreign assistance; relief; humanitarian; conflict; civil war; civil conflict; geographic concentration; intra-state; violence; military; contest; low-intensity; guerrilla; irregular; conventional; decision theory; contest success function; geo-coding; geo-referencing; territorial control; propensity score; Africa; South of the Sahara; Peace and Conflict Research; Freds- och konfliktforskning;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation focuses on the sub-national impact of foreign aid on civil conflicts by asking the question: How does foreign aid committed to contested areas affect the intensity of violence in those areas? The main theoretical contribution is to focus on how aid influences warring parties’ decisions to engage in contests over territorial control and how that in turn influences violence intensity. The study introduces two concepts: funding concentration and barriers to exploiting aid. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Industrial Ecology Methods within Engagement Processes for Industrial Resource Management

    Författare :Graham Aid; Nils Brandt; Maria Malmström; Enell Magnus; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Resource Management; Recycling; Stakeholder Participation; Industrial Symbiosis; Construction and Demolition;

    Sammanfattning : The global use of resources such as materials, energy, and water has surpassed sustainable levels by many accounts.  The research presented here was explicitly normative in its aim to improve the understanding of, and make sustainable change toward highly systemic issues of resource management. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Improving initial care of road traffic injured people in Tanzania : Evaluation of a traffic police first aid education programme

    Författare :Menti Ndile; Susanne Backteman-Erlandson; Britt-Inger Saveman; Anne Outwater; Petra Brysiewicz; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Post-crash; injury; first aid; training; traffic police; lay responder; prehospital care; emergency care; knowledge; skills; transfer of learning; low-and middle income countries; Tanzania;

    Sammanfattning : Background: An overwhelming proportion of road traffic deaths and injuries in low- and middle-income countries occurs in prehospital environments. Lay responders such as traffic police officers play an important role in providing initial assistance to victims of road crashes, either alone or in collaboration with others. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Cognition in Hearing Aid Users : Memory for Everyday Speech

    Författare :Hoi Ning Elaine Ng; Jerker Rönnberg; Mary Rudner; Thomas Lunner; Kevin Munro; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Hearing aid; working memory; free recall; noise reduction; speech recognition; Hörapparat; arbetsminne; återgivning; brusreducering; taluppfattning;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis investigated the importance of cognition for speech understanding in experienced and new hearing aid users. The aims were 1) to develop a cognitive test (Sentence-final Word Identification and Recall, or SWIR test) to measure the effects of a noise reduction algorithm on processing of highly intelligible speech (everyday sentences); 2) to investigate, using the SWIR test, whether hearing aid signal processing would affect memory for heard speech in experienced hearing aid users; 3) to test whether the effects of signal processing on the ability to recall speech would interact with background noise and individual differences in working memory capacity; 4) to explore the potential clinical application of the SWIR test; and 5) to examine the relationship between cognition and speech recognition in noise in new users over the first six months of hearing aid use. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Three Empirical Studies on Development : Democracy, the Resource Curse and Aid

    Författare :Jan Pettersson; Fabrizio Zilibotti; Ragnar Torvik; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Democracy; Economic Growth; Consolidation; Political Systems; Natural Resources; Appropriability; Property Rights; Institutions; Development; Foreign Aid; Fungibility; Poverty; Public Expenditure; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents three self-contained essays focusing on empirical questions in growth and development economics. Each article addresses specific questions on why countries perform differently. LÄS MER