Sökning: "film thickness measurement"
Visar resultat 16 - 20 av 22 avhandlingar innehållade orden film thickness measurement.
Sammanfattning : Surface moisture plays an important role in thedeterioration of building surfaces. The extent and duration ofsurface moisture is generally impossible to predictfrommeteorological data and consequently direct measurement ofthis quantity is essential,e.g. using the WETCORR method. LÄS MER
17. Acoustic, Thermal and Non-thermal Dynamics in Condensed Matter Studied by Time-Resolved X-ray Diffraction
Sammanfattning : The method of using short laser and X-ray pulses to investigate dynamics in materials (pump-probe) has been used for several decades. This thesis presents work that was carried out using these sources of light to reveal acoustic, thermal and non-thermal dynamics. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Mechanical components with interacting surfaces are central in everyday life. Interactions between surfaces, such as the sliding, rolling and bouncing, on one another may be found everywhere. These surfaces are often required to withstand severe conditions resulting in wear, which may ultimately lead to failure. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis concerns development of SIN junction technology for thermometry and microwave detectors, as well as technology of a planar phase switch as a part of integratedmicrowave receiver.Cold-Electron Bolometer (CEB) is a sensitive detector of a microwave radiation, in which SIN tunnel junctions are used for temperature measurement of a nanoscale absorber in thesame way as in SIN thermometers. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : This thesis summarizes the present status of the nanofabrication of diffractive optics, i.e. zone plates, and test objects for soft x-ray microscopy at KTH. The emphasis is on new and improved fabrication processes for nickel and germanium zone plates. LÄS MER