Sökning: "fibrosis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 264 avhandlingar innehållade ordet fibrosis.

  1. 1. Tomosynthesis in pulmonary cystic fibrosis

    Författare :Kristina Vult von Steyern; Lund Diagnostisk radiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cystic fibrosis; Lung; Radiation dose; Radiography; Scoring methods; Tomography; spiral computed; X-ray computed;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this thesis were to investigate whether chest tomosynthesis might be used in pulmonary cystic fibrosis, to design and validate a tomosynthesis scoring system, and to determine the effective dose from chest tomosynthesis in children. In a prospective study starting in 2008 clinical chest radiography or computed tomography (CT) were supplemented with a tomosynthesis examination of the lungs. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cellular and molecular mechanisms in immune mediated hepatic fibrosis. A study of the inflammatory syndrome and fibrosis development of the NIF mouse liver

    Författare :Julia Nilsson; Autoimmunitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Fibrosis; liver; mouse model; NKT cells; type 2 inflammation; inflammasome;

    Sammanfattning : Fibrosis is the result of dysregulated inflammation and tissue repair, and is characterized by the excessive accumulation of extra cellular matrix (ECM) proteins. It causes detrimental effects to the afflicted tissue and can subsequently lead to organ failure. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Towards Pharmacological Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis

    Författare :Charlotte Andersson; Aleksander Edelman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; cystic fibrosis; airway epithelium; genotype; CFTR; chloride transport; genistein; phenotype; phenylbutyrate; S-nitrosoglutathione; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; entomologi; Entomology;

    Sammanfattning : S-nitrosogluthatione is an endogenous substance, present at decreased levels in the lungs of CF patients and was recently found to induce mature CFTR in airway epithelial CF cell lines. We show that S-nitrosoglutathione in physiological concentrations increases the presence of ΔF508 CFTR in the cell membrane and induces cAMP dependent chloride transport in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Advances in Pharmacological Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis

    Författare :Igor Oliynyk; Godfried M. Roomans; Marie Johannesson; Hugo R. de Jonge; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Cystic fibrosis; CFTR; chloride transport; N-acetylcysteine; NO-donors; duramycin; intracellular calcium; azithromycin; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inborn, hereditary disease, due to mutations in the gene for a cAMP-activated chloride (Cl-) channel, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). As a result of impaired ion and water transport,the airway mucus is abnormally viscous, which leads to bacterial colonization. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Clinical and genetical studies in cystic fibrosis and pseudohypoaldosteronism

    Författare :Charlotta Schaedel; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1; cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator CFTR ; Cystic fibrosis; pulmonary disorder; Pediatrics; epithelial sodium channel ENaC; Pediatri;

    Sammanfattning : Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common severe autosomal recessive disorder among Caucasians and is caused by mutations of the chloride channel, CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene. Despite a markedly improved median survival many CF patients still die at a young age. LÄS MER