Sökning: "familial cancer"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 102 avhandlingar innehållade orden familial cancer.

  1. 1. Cancer risk and predisposition in families with childhood cancer

    Författare :Karl-Johan Stjernfelt; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cancer; Pediatric; Childhood Cancer; Heredity; Genetics; predisposition; Familial cancer;

    Sammanfattning : BACKGROUND: Recent whole genome sequencing studies report that up to 6% of the childhood cancer population harbour a pathogenic variant. Identification of families with hereditary cancer may improve early detection of cancer as well as treatment outcome. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Tumors associated with Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer: Defective Mismatch Repair and Familial Risk of Cancer

    Författare :Kajsa Ericson Lindquist; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; oncology; cancerology; Cytologi; onkologi; cancer; Multiple Tumors; Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer; Cytology; Cohort study; Population based; Familial Risk of Cancer; Immunohistochemistry; MSH2; MSH6; MLH1; Microsatellite Instability; Soft Tissue Sarcomas; Cancer of the Upper Urinary Tract; Cancer of the Small Intestine; Colorectal Cancer;

    Sammanfattning : Inactivation of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is a tumorigenic mechanism involved in 15-20% of tumor types such as colorectal and endometrial cancer and is specifically associated with the Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. These MMR defective tumors are characterized by microsatellite instability (MSI), a phenomenon that reflects alterations in length of repeated sequences, and 90% of MSI tumors show loss of immunohistochemical expression for the MMR protein affected. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Prostate cancer : epidemiological studies of risk factors

    Författare :Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson; Beatrice Malmer; Henrik Grönberg; Anders Bergh; Peter Iversen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer; epidemiology; SNP; BRCA2; male breast cancer; inflammation; BPH; P53; Oncology; Onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : In spite of the fact that prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in both Sweden and many other countries in the developed world, little is known of risk factors and predisposing conditions. The only well recognized risk factors are age, race and familial aggregation. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Prostate cancer : epidemiological studies

    Författare :Henrik Grönberg; Per Lenner; Peter Iversen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer; Epidemiology; Incidence; Age; Survival; Mortality; Familyhistory; Genetic factors; Body Mass Index; Diet;

    Sammanfattning : Prostate cancer is a large and increasing medical problem both in Sweden and in the rest of the developed world, with about 300.000 new cases diagnosed world wide annually. Despite the high incidence of this disease, little is known about the aetiology of prostate cancer. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Genetic factors in childhood cancer. Associations between tumors in childhood and adulthood, and prevalence of germline TP53 mutations

    Författare :Susanne Magnusson; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Childhood cancer; hereditary factors; breast cancer; survival; hereditary breast and ovarian cancer; hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer; familial malignant melanoma; BRCA1; BRCA2; mismatch repair; CDKN2A; familial risk; multiple childhood tumors; Li-Fraumeni syndrome; TP53; adrenocortical carcinoma; choroid plexus tumors; rhabdomyosarcoma;

    Sammanfattning : The etiology of childhood cancer is largely unknown. Approximately 1-10% of all childhood tumors are associated with known cancer predisposition syndromes. However, the contribution may be underestimated due to the failure to detect patients with genetic susceptibility for cancer when relying on known family pattern and anomalies. LÄS MER