Sökning: "förväntad nytta"

Hittade 4 avhandlingar innehållade orden förväntad nytta.

  1. 1. Distribution of expected utility in second-order decision analysis

    Författare :David Sundgren; Högskolan i Gävle; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; beslutsanalys; andra ordningens fördelningar; förväntad nytta; Computer and systems science; Data- och systemvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : In decision analysis maximising the expected utility is an often used approach in choosing the optimal alternative. But when probabilities and utilities are vague or imprecise expected utility is fraught with complications. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Apparent Arbitrariness of Second-Order Probability Distributions

    Författare :David Sundgren; Love Ekenberg; Mats Danielson; Lev Utkin; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Computer and systems science; Data- och systemvetenskap; Computer and Systems Sciences; data- och systemvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Adequate representation of imprecise probabilities is a crucial and non-trivial problem in decision analysis. Second-order probability distributions is the model for imprecise probabilities whose merits are discussed in this thesis. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Underlying psychological mechanisms of helping effects : Examining the when × why of charitable giving

    Författare :Arvid Erlandsson; Institutionen för psykologi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; charitable giving; helping; prosocial behavior; helping effects; identified victim effect; proportion dominance effect; in-group effect; emotions; sympathy; perceived utility; perceived responsibility; decision modes; mediation; moral decision making; dual-process theories.;

    Sammanfattning : The overarching purpose of this thesis was to investigate if different helping effects can be specifically linked to different psychological mechanisms. Helping effects (i.e. the when of helping) refer to situational differences that can increase or decrease the probability of helping. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Airborne cognitive systems in search of an appropriate context: Studies of the introduction of new technology in aviation using a cognitive systems engineering approach

    Författare :Örjan Goteman; Ergonomi och aerosolteknologi; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Lufttransportteknik; Air transport technology; Safety; RNAV; Pilot; Automation Modes; HUD; Datalink; Cognition; Automation; Aviation;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract Technology is always designed for an assumed user in an assumed context. In commercial aviation, these design assumptions are clearly spelt out in that both crew and equipment are certificated for a specific operation as stated in the aircraft flight manual. LÄS MER