Sökning: "extubation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade ordet extubation.

  1. 1. Tracheal Extubation of Patients Cared for in the Anesthesia Setting : Experiences Described by Registered Nurse Anesthetists and Anesthesiologists

    Författare :Linda Rönnberg; Ove Hellzén; Christina Melin-Johansson; Ulrica Nilsson; Christine Brulin; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Background In Sweden, extubation is an interdisciplinary process involving teamwork between Registered Nurse Anesthetists (RNA) and Anesthesiologists, and comprehensive demands are placed on the professionals providing anesthesia. The extubation of the endotracheal tube after General Anesthesia (GA) is a critical moment for the patient. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Pain treatment after surgery : With special reference to patient-controlled analgesia, early extubation and the use of paracetamol

    Författare :Pia Holmér Pettersson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; Stockholm Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :acetaminophen; analgesia; patient-controlled; analgesics; day surgery; heart surgery; opioid; ketobemidone; pain measurement; pain; postoperative; paracetamol; postoperative nausea and vomiting; visual analogue scale; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Acetaminophen; analgesia; patient-controlled; analgesics; day surgery; heart surgery; opioid; ketobemidone; pain measurement; pain; postoperative; paracetamol; postoperative nausea and vomiting; visual analogue scale;

    Sammanfattning : The introduction of general anaesthesia eliminated pain during surgical operations. After surgery, however, pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) have remained a persistent problem for many patients. The need for analgesics varies widely among patients, therefore standardised treatment protocols are often insufficient pain treatment. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Reducing Atelectasis during General Anaesthesia – the Importance of Oxygen Concentration, End-Expiratory Pressure and Patient Factors : A Clinical Study Exploring the Prevention of Atelectasis in Adults

    Författare :Lennart Edmark; Mats Enlund; Göran Hedenstierna; Sten Lindahl; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesia; general. Lung: Atelectasis; CPAP; Oxygen; PEEP; Ventilation; mechanical; Tomography; X-ray computed.; Anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology; Fysiologi; Physiology;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The use of pure oxygen during preoxygenation and induction of general anaesthesia is a major cause of atelectasis. The interaction between reduced lung volume, resulting in airway closure, and varying inspiratory fractions of oxygen (FIO2) in determining the risk of developing atelectasis is still obscure. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Safety and efficacy of oral care for intubated neuroscience intensive care unit patients

    Författare :Virginia Prendergast; Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Oral hygiene; Tooth Brushing; RCT; Nursing Care; Critical Care;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this research was to investigate the safety of oral care in terms of intracranial dynamics and changes in oral health during intubation and 48 hours after extubation among neuroscience intensive care unit (NICU) patients. Additional aims included comparison of a comprehensive oral care protocol (i.e. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Pulmonary Atelectasis in General Anaesthesia : Clinical Studies on the Counteracting Effects of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure

    Författare :Erland Östberg; Mats Enlund; Lennart Edmark; Sophie Lindgren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; General anaesthesia; pulmonary atelectasis; positive end-expiratory pressure; oxygen; computed tomography; continuous positive airway pressure; mechanical ventilation; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Sammanfattning : Partial lung collapse, i.e., pulmonary atelectasis, is common during general anaesthesia. The main causal mechanism is reduced lung volume with airway closure and subsequent gas absorption from preoxygenated alveoli. LÄS MER