Sökning: "extraterrestrial material"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade orden extraterrestrial material.

  1. 1. Traces in Earth's geological record of the break-up of the L-chondrite parent body 470 Ma

    Författare :Carl Alwmark; Berggrundsgeologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; L chondrite; Middle Ordovician; extraterrestrial material; meteorite flux; Sweden;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with signatures in sediments on Earth related to the L-chondrite parent body break-up event at 470 Ma. The aim of this thesis is twofold: (1) investigate if the increased flux of extraterrestrial material to Earth, following the disruption of the L-chondrite parent body included larger, asteroid-sized bodies (2) try to develop new methods and tools for finding and classifying relict cosmic material in sediments. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Conodont biostratigraphy, taxonomy and palaeoecology in the Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician) of Baltoscandia - with focus on meteorite and extraterrestrial chromite-rich strata

    Författare :Johanna Mellgren; Berggrundsgeologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Conodonts; biostratigraphy; taxonomy; palaeoecology; morphometrics; extraterrestrial chromite; meteorites; Darriwilian; Middle Ordovician; Baltoscandia;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with conodont biostratigraphy and palaeoecology in the Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician) of Baltoscandia, with focus on limestone strata showing traces of the ~ 470 Ma L-chondrite parent body break-up. The evidence for this cosmic event includes abundant centimeter to decimeter-sized fossil meteorites and elevated levels of sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial L-type chromite found in a stratigraphical interval corresponding to the uppermost Lenodus antivariabilis, the L. LÄS MER

  3. 3. The flux of extraterrestrial matter to Earth as recorded in Paleogene and Middle Ordovician marine sediments

    Författare :Anders Cronholm; Berggrundsgeologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; L-chondite; sediment-disperesed; chromite; break-up event; Arenig-Llanvirn;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis aims at reconstructing events in the solar system, mainly collisional events in the asteroid belt, by searches for extraterrestrial minerals in Paleogene and Middle Ordovician marine sediments on Earth. Recent empirical evidence show that Earth has experienced a few brief periods during the Phanerozoic when the flux of extraterrestrial matter significantly increased. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The flux of extraterrestrial spinels to Earth associated with He-3 anomalies in Cenozoic and Ordovician sediments

    Författare :Samuele Boschi; Kärnfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Chromite; He-3 anomaly; Cenozoic; mid-Ordovician; asteroid breakup; ordinary chondrites; Popigai ejecta; iridium anomaly; Zircons; ice age;

    Sammanfattning : The main goal of this thesis is to reconstruct the flux of extraterrestrial matter to Earth in specific time intervals of our past in order to add an astronomical dimension to the understanding of Earth's history. To accomplish this, extraterrestrial chrome-spinel grains have been extracted and analysed. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The Search for Life on Mars - Preparation for Sample Return

    Författare :Tomas Hode; Stefan Bengtson; John Hayes; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Earth sciences; Geovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of the thesis work has been to develop methods and concepts to aid in the search, detection and assessment of ancient microfossils here on Earth as a guide to the search for ancient life on Mars. The intention has been to identify and characterize environments on Earth that may be considered analogous to Martian environments and in which fossil preservation is expected to be good, and to develop and apply methods to characterize the isotopic and chemical composition of possible traces of life in order to assess their biogenicity and biological affinities. LÄS MER