Sökning: "extinction biology"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 42 avhandlingar innehållade orden extinction biology.
Sammanfattning : During the recent decades the field of evolutionary biology has entered the era of big data, which has transformed the field into an increasingly computational discipline. In this thesis I present novel computational method developments, including their application in empirical case studies. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Species worldwide are subject to contractions in both abundance and geographical range, and their persistence in a changing environment may thus depend on the ability to survive in small and fragmented populations. Despite the urgent need to understand how extinction works, our knowledge of pre-extinction genetic processes is limited because techniques allowing population and conservation genomics to be studied in wild threatened populations have become available only recently. LÄS MER
3. Habitat selection, nest predation and conservation biology in a Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa) population
Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on a black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa) population, consisting of 35-40 pairs, that breeds on a grazed shore meadow on SE Gotland, Sweden. The small size of the population makes it more prone to extinction due to chance events, than a larger population.The godwits showed microhabitat preferences when choosing nest sites. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The theory of “punctuated equilibrium” suggests that species evolve rapidly during or immediately upon speciation, “punctuating” long periods of little or no morphological evolution. Here I confirm that body size differences within clades of birds and mammals are best explained using a model of punctuated evolution. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Rising archipelagos provide unique settings for the study of the temporal and spatial dynamics of their biota. This offers the possibility to study the ecology and genetics of early successional processes; both between islands that differ in age and within islands when already established organisms have to keep pace with the changing environment. LÄS MER