Sökning: "explanation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1261 avhandlingar innehållade ordet explanation.

  1. 1. Explanation and deduction : a defence of deductive chauvinism

    Författare :Henrik Hållsten; Matti Sintonen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Deductive explanation; Statistical explanation; Chances; Propensities; Probabilities; Sine qua non; Probabilistic causality; Indeterminism; Ideal explanatory text; Explanatory information; Explanatory sketches; Dynamic systems; Chaotic systems; Approximate solutions; Argument generating procedure. Central figures: Hempel; Coffa; Salmon; Railton; Humphreys; Kitcher; Poincaré; Suppes; Lorenz; Hénon.; Theoretical Philosophy; teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : In this essay I defend the notion of deductive explanation mainly against two types of putative counterexamples: those found in genuinely indeterministic systems and those found in complex dynamic systems. Using Railton's notions of explanatory information and ideal explanatory text, deductivism is defended in an indeterministic setting. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Teaching and Learning Historical Explanation : Teacher and Student Cases from Lower and Upper Secondary History

    Författare :Joakim Wendell; Johan Samuelsson; Martin Stolare; Thomas Nygren; Karlstads universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; HUMANIORA; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HUMANITIES; history education; historical explanation; causation; cause and consequence; explanatory progression; historical thinking; use of history; History; Historia;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this thesis is to investigate and analyse how teachers and students understand the concept of historical explanation in the context of classroom teaching practices. The thesis is made up of four studies that investigate different aspects of understanding, focusing on either teacher or student understanding as expressed in words and actions. LÄS MER

  3. 3. In Virtue Of : Determination, Dependence, and Metaphysically Opaque Grounding

    Författare :Henrik Rydéhn; Matti Eklund; Sten Lindström; Dan López de Sa; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; grounding; metaphysical grounding; dependence; ontological dependence; determination; explanation; metaphysical explanation; essence; modality; fundamentality; metaphysical laws; reduction; supervenience; metaphysical structure; Theoretical Philosophy; Teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation investigates grounding, the relation of non-causal determination whereby one fact obtains in virtue of some other fact or facts. Although considerations of grounding have been central throughout Western philosophy, the last 15-20 years have seen a renaissance of systematic work on grounding in analytic philosophy. LÄS MER

  4. 4. A Unificationist Theory of Scientific Explanation

    Författare :Rebecca Schweder; Teoretisk filosofi; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; theory reduction; explanatory argument; covering law model; unificationism; scientific explanation; understanding; Philosophical logic; Teoretisk filosofi; logik;

    Sammanfattning : What is the relation between scientific explanation and understanding? The thesis investigates a notion of understanding that is believed to be central to scientific explanation. The role of understanding in explanation is double: it is both an essential component, as well as a criterion, by which we select bona fide explanations from non-explanations. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Responsibility and health: explanation-based perspectives

    Författare :Karl Persson de Fine Licht; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :responsibility; health; explanations; the explanation hypothesis; explanatory perspectives; priority-setting; health care; bariatric surgery;

    Sammanfattning : There is a growing trend of holding people responsible for their lifestyle-based diseases. For example, policymakers as well as researchers have argued that medical conditions caused by smoking, overweight, or extreme sports should be given lower priority in publicly funded healthcare. LÄS MER