Sökning: "excitotoxicity"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade ordet excitotoxicity.

  1. 1. Effects of dopamine and excitotoxicity in experimental models of Huntington's disease

    Detta är en avhandling från Åsa Petersén, WNC, BMC A10, 221 84 Lund, Sweden

    Författare :Åsa Petersén; [2001]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurology; excitotoxicity; dopamine; Huntington s disease; striatum; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expansion of a CAG repeat in the HD gene, that leads to dysfunction and death of striatal neurons. The pathogenetic mechanisms underlying HD are not known, but excitotoxicity and dopamine (DA) have been suggested to play a role. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Apoptosis And Excitotoxicity In The Death of Cultured And Grafted Dopaminergic Neurones

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Physiological Sciences, Lund University

    Författare :Gabriele Schierle; [1999]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Ac-YVAD-cmk; MK-801; flunarizine; N-methyl-D-aspartate; voltage-dependent calcium channels; Bcl-2; caspase; excitotoxicity; apoptosis; tyrosine hydroxylase; dopamine; Parkinson s disease; intracerebral transplantation; Poly ADP-ribose polymerase; Neurology; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Over the past two decades, grafting of embryonic nigral tissue has developed into a feasible therapeutic strategy for Parkinson's disease (PD). It has become apparent that the degree of restoration of dopaminergic neurotransmission by the transplanted cells is highly correlated to the symptomatic relief. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neuronal Cell Death and Restoration in the Basal Ganglia: Implications for Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases

    Detta är en avhandling från Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, BMC, Lund University

    Författare :Oskar Hansson; [2001]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; basal ganglia; Parkinson s disease; Huntington s disease; neural transplantation; restoration; NMDA receptor; excitotoxicity; calcium; caspase; neuronal cell death; apoptosis; transgenic mouse; Neurology; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder presenting with chorea, dementia and extensive striatal neuronal death. The mechanism through which the widely expressed mutant huntingtin mediates striatal neurotoxicity is unknown. Excitotoxicity, i.e. LÄS MER

  4. 4. N-acetylaspartate in brain - studies on efflux and function

    Detta är en avhandling från Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, BMC, Lund University

    Författare :Mattias Tranberg; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; N-acetylaspartate; Hippocampal slice cultures; HPLC; NMDA; Excitotoxicity; Volume regulation; Canavan disease;

    Sammanfattning : N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is an amino acid derivative present in high concentration in the brain. The function of NAA is still unsettled in spite of 50 years of research. The mainly neuronal synthesis and glial breakdown of NAA requires a well regulated neuronal efflux and glial uptake. LÄS MER

  5. 5. NEURAL STEM/PROGENITOR CELLS IN THE POST-ISCHEMIC ENVIRONMENT: Proliferation, Differentiation and Neuroprotection

    Detta är en avhandling från Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, BMC, Lund University

    Författare :Jonas Faijerson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neural stem cells; neural progenitor cells; stroke; ischemia; reactive astrocytes; astrogliosis; proliferation; differentiation; neurogenesis; excitotoxicity; transfection; neuroprotection;

    Sammanfattning : Stroke is one of the leading causes of chronic disability and death in the Western world. Today, no treatment can repair the cellular loss associated with an ischemic lesion. LÄS MER