Sökning: "evolutionary"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1078 avhandlingar innehållade ordet evolutionary.

  1. 1. Evolutionary genomics in Corvids : – From single nucleotides to structural variants

    Författare :Matthias H. Weissensteiner; Jochen B.W. Wolf; Manfred Grabherr; Kateryna M. Makova; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; evolutionary genetics; genomics; population genetics; selection; recombination; chromosomal features; colouration; insertion; deletion; inversion; crow; tandem repeat; transposable element; gene expression;

    Sammanfattning : Heritable genetic variation is the raw material of evolution and can occur in many different forms, from altering single nucleotides to rearranging stretches of millions at once. DNA mutations that result in phenotypic differences are the basis upon which natural selection can act, leading to a shift of the frequency of those mutations. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Evolutionary innovation : Early industrial uses of genetic engineering

    Författare :Maureen McKelvey; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Biotechnology industry; Economics of innovation; Evolutionary Economics; Genentech; human growth hormone; Kabi; technological innovation; INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS; TVÄRVETENSKAPLIGA FORSKNINGSOMRÅDEN;

    Sammanfattning : Based on an analysis of biological and economic theories of evol~tion, this dissertation first specifies evolutionary innovation and then uses it toanalyze early industrial uses of genetic engineering. Innovation refers totechnological innovation processes, i.e. series of innovative activitiesresulting in technical change. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Evolutionary transitions across the tree of life : Phylogenomic case studies in environmental archaea, bacteria and eukaryotes

    Författare :Max Emil Schön; Thijs J. G. Ettema; Fabien Burki; David Moreira; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Evolutionary transitions; environmental sequencing; metagenomics; single-cell genomics; phylogenomics; haloarchaea; Hikarchaeia; Rickettsiales; Picozoa; plastid evolution; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution;

    Sammanfattning : Microbes form the majority of life on Earth, but have been systematically underrepresented in historical research. The sequencing revolutions of the last two decades have completely changed the way we can study microbial genomic information, giving us the means to probe ever deeper into their evolution. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Evolutionary Approaches to Sequence Alignment

    Författare :Marcin Bogusz; Simon Whelan; Jeffrey Thorne; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; molecular evolution; multiple sequence alignment; pair hidden Markov models; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik;

    Sammanfattning : Molecular evolutionary biology allows us to look into the past by analyzing sequences of amino acids or nucleotides. These analyses can be very complex, often involving advanced statistical models of sequence evolution to construct phylogenetic trees, study the patterns of natural selection and perform a number of other evolutionary studies. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Immunogenetic variation along the latitudinal gradient in Scandinavian anuran species : Evolutionary processes, demography and infection

    Författare :Maria Cortazar-Chinarro; Jacob Höglund; Anssi Laurila; Yvonne Meyer-Lucht; Helena Westerdahl; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biologi; Biology; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The evolutionary and demographic processes affecting how genetic variation is partitioned and distributed over large geographical scales is of fundamental importance for our understanding of how organisms may adapt to their environments. Northern peripheral populations generally have lower genetic variation and individuals in these populations may therefore face difficulties adapting to their local environment. LÄS MER