Sökning: "evidence-based medicine"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 159 avhandlingar innehållade orden evidence-based medicine.

  1. 1. Evidence-based nursing : reflections from different perspectives

    Författare :Malin Karlberg-Traav; Mats Eriksson; Agneta Cronqvist; Henrietta Forsman; Anne-Marie Boström; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Clinical competence; evidence-based nursing; nursing research; nursing theory; patient’s perspective;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis was to describe the use of evidence-based nursing (EBN) with respect to the four cornerstones of EBN: research, nursing theory, the patient’s perspective and clinical competence. Study I explored registered nurses (RNs) self-reported research utilization (RU) in relation to their work climate. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Evidence-based practice behind the scenes : How evidence in social work is used and produced

    Författare :Alexander Björk; Anders Bergmark; Lena Hübner; Morten Sager; Oscarsson Lars; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Evidence-based practice; Evidence-based medicine; Addiction severity index; Motivational interviewing; critical appraisal; ethnography; social work; substance abuse; science and technology studies; standardization; Social Work; socialt arbete;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this dissertation is to examine empirically what Evidence-based practice (EBP) and its standardized procedures become when put into practice in social work. EBP builds on the idea that professional practice should be based on systematic and reliable knowledge of the interventions and instruments used in this work. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Evidensbaserat socialt arbete : Från idé till praktik

    Författare :Kajsa Svanevie; Lindqvist Rafael; Stefan Sjöström; Björn Blom; Lars Oscarsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Evidence-based practice; social work; critical realism; narrative synthesis; actor-structure perspective; contextual model; paradigm shift; program theory; neo-institutional theory; isomorphism; diffusion; social change; social mechanisms; learning organization; Evidensbaserad praktik; socialt arbete; kritisk realism; narrativ syntes; aktör-struktur perspektiv; kontextuell modell; paradigmskifte; programteori; nyinstitutionell teori; isomorfism; diffusion; social förändring; sociala mekanismer; lärande organisation;

    Sammanfattning : As an innovation Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is designed as a tool for clinical problem solving. According to its theory of use EBP will bring a difference for policy makers, for professionals, for researchers and for service users. One question to be asked is whether EBP actually leads to the radical social change it is designed to accomplish. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Improving healthcare information systems : A key to evidence based medicine

    Författare :Hanife Rexhepi; Rose-Mharie Åhlfeldt; Anne Persson; Karin Hedström; Högskolan i Skövde; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Process orientation; Knowledge management; Healthcare; Evidence based medicine; Information Systems; Informationssystem IS ;

    Sammanfattning : Delivering good quality care is a complex endeavor that is highly dependent on patient information and medical knowledge. When decisions about the care of a patient are made, they must, as far as possible, be based on research-derived evidence rather than on clinical skills and experience alone. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Assessment in Evidence-Based Practice : Psychometric Properties, Clinical Utility and Professional Co-operation from Different Perspectives of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment in Sweden

    Författare :Johan Glad; Karin Sonnander; Ulla Jergeby; Carina Gustafsson; Laura Ferrer-Wreder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HOME Inventory; Social work assessment; Assessment instruments; Clinical utility; Evidence-based practice; Psychometric properties; Professional co-operation; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of the present thesis was to explore and compare professional co-operation in child welfare investigations, explore the psychometric properties, and describe the clinical utility from different perspectives of a translated Swedish version of the standardized assessment instrument the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (the HOME Inventory). Social workers in Sweden, Denmark, Britain, Germany, and Texas (USA) co-operated with different professionals around a fictitious child welfare case. LÄS MER