Sökning: "epistemic principles"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 17 avhandlingar innehållade orden epistemic principles.

  1. 1. Knowledge Closure and Knowledge Openness : A Study of Epistemic Closure Principles

    Författare :Levi Spectre; Peter Pagin; Åsa Wikforss; Stewart Cohen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; knowledge; principle of epistemic closure; knowledge openness; evidence; epistemic principles; skepticism; fallibilism; principles of evidence; evidence openness; dogmatism; safety; chance; Bayesianism; Carnap; Cohen; Dretske; Hawthorne; Hempel; Kripke; Nozick; Pagin; Vogel; Williamson; Theoretical philosophy; Teoretisk filosofi; Theoretical Philosophy; teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : The principle of epistemic closure is the claim that what is known to follow from knowledge is known to be true. This intuitively plausible idea is endorsed by a vast majority of knowledge theorists. There are significant problems, however, that have to be addressed if epistemic closure – closed knowledge – is endorsed. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Kripke on Necessity : A Metaphysical Investigation

    Författare :Kyriakos Theodoridis; Teoretisk filosofi; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; ethics; Systematic philosophy; conceivability; mereological identity; ontological character; identity; possible worlds; actuality; properties; ontology; object; contingency; apriori; Metaphysical; epistemic; aesthetics; metaphysics; epistemology; ideology; Systematisk filosofi; etik; estetik; metafysik; kunskapsteori; ideologi; Philosophical logic; Filosofisk logik; logik;

    Sammanfattning : I undertake a metaphysical investigation of Saul Kripke's modern classic, Naming and Necessity (1980). The general problem of my study may be expressed as follows: What is the metaphysical justification of the validity and existence of the pertinent classes of truths, the necessary a posteriori and the contingent a priori, according to the Kripke Paradigm? My approach is meant to disclose the logical and ontological principles underlying Kripke's arguments for the necessary a posteriori and the contingent a priori respectively. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Scientifically Minded : Science, the Subject and Kant’s Critical Philosophy

    Författare :Johan Boberg; Sharon Rider; Marcel Quarfood; Thomas Sturm; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Immanuel Kant; the subject; science; experience; understanding; episteme; time; space; spatialization of time; epistemic ideals; knowledge; Christian Wolff; Aristotle; Filosofi; Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : Modern philosophy is often seen as characterized by a shift of focus from the things themselves to our knowledge of them, i.e., by a turn to the subject and subjectivity. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Thick Concepts in Practice : Normative Aspects of Risk and Safety

    Författare :Niklas Möller; Sven Ove Hansson; Tim Lewens; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; thick concepts; non-naturalism; open question argument; risk analysis; safety; epistemic uncertainty; values in risk assessment; safety engineering; Philosophy subjects; Filosofiämnen;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis aims at analyzing the concepts of risk and safety as well as the class of concepts to which they belong, thick concepts, focusing in particular on the normative aspects involved. Essay I analyzes thick concepts, i.e. concepts such as cruelty and kindness that seem to combine descriptive and evaluative features. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Green Ideology and its Relation to Modernity : Including a Case Study of the Green Party of Sweden

    Författare :Michael Moon; Humanekologi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; epistemic values; green theory; Swedish Green Party; praxis; dialectics; complementarity; non-linearity; systems theory; ecologism; ideology; modernity;

    Sammanfattning : This study seeks to disclose some of the scientific and philosophical ideas that inform the green movement and its ideology. These ideas, like the groups that have been attracted to the movement, are seemingly heterogeneous. This is one reason why attaining a generally accepted ideology is proving to be a drawn-out process. LÄS MER