Sökning: "epidemiology"

Visar resultat 11 - 15 av 1587 avhandlingar innehållade ordet epidemiology.

  1. 11. Smokeless Tobacco (Snus) and Cardiovascular Disease Associations with Heart Failure and Prognosis after Myocardial Infarction

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Gabriel Arefalk; Johan Sundström; Martin Holzmann; [2018]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Snus; smokeless tobacco; nicotine; cardiovascular disease; heart failure; myocardial infarction; mortality; prognosis; epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : Previous investigations of snus use (oral moist snuff, a Swedish form of smokeless tobacco) and cardiovascular disease have generally focused on atherosclerotic events such as myocardial infarction and stroke, likely because smoking is such a well-established risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. Smokeless administration of tobacco circumvents most of the atherogenic effects of the combusted products from smoked tobacco, but it is possible that the potent autonomic and hemodynamic effects of snus and nicotine per se are detrimental for cardiovascular tissues. LÄS MER

  2. 12. Health effects of air pollution in Iceland respiratory health in volcanic environments

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Hanne Krage Carlsen; Anna Oudin; Thorarinn Gislason; Kadri Meister; Bertil Forsberg; Gunilla Wieslander; [2014]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiratory health; air pollution; volcanic ash; epidemiology; hydrogen sulfide.; Epidemiology; epidemiologi; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Air pollution has adverse effects on human health. The respiratory system is the most exposed and short-term changes in air pollution levels have been associated with worsening of asthma symptoms and increased rates of heart attacks and stroke. Air pollution in cities due to traffic is the major concern, as many people are exposed. LÄS MER

  3. 13. Child health and acute respiratory infections in Ethiopia epidemiology for prevention and control

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Lulu Muhe; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Epidemiology; acute respiratory infections; morbidity; mortality; infants; under-five children; determinants; intervention;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is based on studies in Butajira district in the south central part of Ethiopia and one study in the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital in Addis Ababa. The Butajira project has a continuous demographic surveillance system, established in 1987 in a sample of 10 communities with a total baseline population of about 30,000. LÄS MER

  4. 14. Towards explaining the Swedish epidemic of celiac disease an epidemiological approach

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå Universitet

    Författare :Anna Myléus; Anneli Ivarsson; Stig Wall; Hans Stenlund; Stefano Guandalini; [2012]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; celiac disease; epidemiology; etiology; infant feeding; infections; prevalence; screening; vaccinations; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Celiac disease occurs worldwide in approximately 1% of the population, whereof the majority of cases are undiagnosed. Sweden experienced an epidemic (1984-1996) of clinically detected celiac disease in children below 2 years of age, partly attributed to changes in infant feeding. LÄS MER

  5. 15. Epidemiology of injuries in elite football

    Detta är en avhandling från Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle

    Författare :Markus Waldén; Jan Ekstrand; Harald Roos; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Elite; epidemiology; football; injuries; MEDICINE Social medicine; MEDICIN Socialmedicin;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this thesis was to study the injury characteristics in elite football, and risk factors for injury with special emphasis on anterior cruciate ligament injury. All five papers followed a prospective design using a standardised methodology. LÄS MER