Sökning: "epidemiological transition"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade orden epidemiological transition.

  1. 1. Where are the world’s disease patterns heading? The challenges of epidemiological transition

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Ailiana Santosa; Peter Byass; Ulf Högberg; Joacim Rocklöv; Sarah Wild; [2015]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; epidemiological transition; premature mortality; non-communicable disease; risk factors; Sweden; low-and middle-income countries; INDEPTH Network; Västerbotten Intervention Programme; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological transition theory, first postulated by Omran in 1971, provides a useful framework for understanding cause-specific mortality changes and may contribute usefully to predictions about cause-specific mortality. However, understandings of mortality transitions and associated epidemiological changes remain poorly defined for public health practitioners due to lack of evidence from low- and middle-income countries. LÄS MER

  2. 2. A Laparoscopic Approach in Gastro-Oesophageal Surgery Experimental and Epidemiological Studies

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Rune Sandbu; Bo Anderberg; [2001]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Gastro-oesophageal surgery; fundoplication; laparoscopy; long-term results; pneumothorax; intra-cranial pressure; positive end-expiratory pressure; Kirurgi; MEDICINE Surgery; MEDICIN Kirurgi; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : The extension of laparoscopic procedures into the chest may induce specific pathophysiologic effects.In pigs, we have demonstrated how devastating a combined thoraco-laparoscopic approach can be for gas exchange. Furthermore, the transmission of elevated pressure intra-cranially is a potential danger. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Epidemiological and radiological aspects of multiple sclerosis

    Detta är en avhandling från Linköping : Linköpings universitet

    Författare :Anne-Marie Landtblom; [1996]

    Sammanfattning : The first aim of this investigation was to analyse possible risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS) with focus on animal contacts and occupational exposures, especially to organic solvents. Another aim was to search for specific features in solvent-exposed MS patients mainly by the radiological techniques magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1 H MRS) and also by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis along with a disability scoring. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Epidemiological and neurobiological evidence for misuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Anna MS Kindlundh; Johan Franck; [2002]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap; PHARMACY Biopharmacy; FARMACI Biofarmaci; biologisk beroendeforskning; Biological Research on Drug Dependence;

    Sammanfattning : Misuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), is attributed to elite athletes and body builders. The attentive involvement of AAS in acts of violence seen in society has raised interest to evaluate the importance of social, psychological and neurobiological mechanisms that underlie the psychiatric states associated with onset of controlled misuse, its maintenance, and via abuse its transition to addiction. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cerebral Injury in Perinatal Asphyxia, epidemiological, clinical, neurophysiological and neuromatabolic investigations

    Detta är en avhandling från Kristina Thorngren-Jerneck, Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital, SE-221 85 Lund

    Författare :Kristina Thorngren-Jerneck; [2002]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi; Neurology; Pediatri; Pediatrics; S100; EEG; CMRgl; cerebral glucose metabolism; FDG-PET; CP; infant; perinatal asphyxia; hypoxia-ischemia;

    Sammanfattning : Perinatal asphyxia with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is the most important cause of perinatal mortality and cerebral palsy (CP) in infants born at term. The aim of the thesis was to investigate epidemiology of perinatal asphyxia, and to investigate early clinical neurological symptoms after perinatal asphyxia in relation to cerebral glucose metabolism (CMRgl) measured by 18-FDG-PET, neurophysiological function, some biochemical markers, also in relation to long-term outcome. LÄS MER