Sökning: "epidemiologic transition"

Hittade 4 avhandlingar innehållade orden epidemiologic transition.

  1. 1. Dying to make a fresh start : mortality and health transition in a new South Africa

    Författare :Kathleen Kahn; Anneli Ivarsson; Stig Wall; Michel Garenne; Debbie Bradshaw; Vinod Diwan; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; age-specific mortality; agincourt; demographic surveillance system; epidemiologic transition; health transition; mortality trends; rural; South Africa; verbal autopsy; vital registration.; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Rationale: Vital registration is lacking in developing settings where health and development problems are most pressing. Policy-makers confront an “information paradox”: the critical need for information on which to base priorities and monitor progress, and the profound shortage of such information. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The two faces of smallpox : a disease and its prevention in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Sweden

    Författare :Peter Sköld; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; epidemiologic transition; historical demography; infectious disease; inoculation; mortality; public health; smallpox; Sweden; vaccination;

    Sammanfattning : This study deals with the history of smallpox in Sweden between 1750 and 1900 and the two preventive measures that were used against it: inoculation during the eighteenth and vaccination during the nineteenth Century. Between 1750 and 1800 300,000 children died from smallpox in Sweden. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Molecular epidemiologic studies on helicobacter pylori infection and stomach cancer risk

    Författare :Zongli Zheng; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Helicobacter pylori;

    Sammanfattning : Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection increases stomach cancer risk. The aim of this thesis was to study genetic susceptibility from the host and to develop molecular methods for future characterization of bacterial virulence factors in longitudinal cohorts. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Challenges of learning and practicing motivational interviewing

    Författare :Lena Lindhe Söderlund; Per Nilsen; Preben Bendtsen; Lennart Nordenfelt; Boel Andersson-Gäre; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Children; counselling; health promotion; motivational interviewing; nurse; overweight; pharmacist; Social medicine; Socialmedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The past three decades have seen a growth in health promotion research and practice, stimulated by the epidemiologic transition of the leading causes of death from infectious to chronic diseases. An estimated 50% of mortality from the 10 leading causes of death is due to behaviour, which suggests individuals can make important contributions to their own health by adopting some health-related behaviours and avoiding others. LÄS MER