Sökning: "epidemiologi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 958 avhandlingar innehållade ordet epidemiologi.

  1. 1. Striving against adversity. : the dynamics of migration, health and poverty in rural South Africa

    Författare :Mark A Collinson; Peter Byass; Gunnar Malmberg; Kathleen Kahn; Michael White; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; migration; temporary migration; permanent migration; refugee settlement; socioeconomic status; HIV transmission; adult mortality; child mortaality; returning to die; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning :  Background: The study is based in post-apartheid South Africa and looks at the health and well being of households in the rural northeast. Temporary migration remains important in South Africa because it functions as a mainstay for income and even survival of rural communities. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Improving quality of perinatal care through clinical audit : a study from a tertiary hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    Författare :Hussein L Kidanto; Lennarth Nyström; Gunilla Lindmark; Siriel Massawe; Geir Jacobsen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Perinatal mortality; perinatal audit; avoidable factors; anaemia in pregnancy; eclampsia; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : Perinatal audit has been tested and proved an important tool for reduction of perinatal mortality and assessment of quality of perinatal care. At Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), a tertiary hospital in Dar es salaam, Tanzania we performed a retrospective cross-sectional study using data from an obstetrics database to classify all perinatal deaths during 1999-2003. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Gene x lifestyle interactions in type 2 diabetes mellitus and related traits

    Författare :Ema C Brito; Paul Franks; Aline Meirhaeghe; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gene x environment interaction; gene x lifestyle interaction; physical activity; type 2 diabetes; European Youth Heart Study; Malmö Preventive Project; Prevalence and Prediction and Prevention of Diabetes in Botnia; PPARGC1A; CDKN2A B; HNF1B; TCF7L2; FTO; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; epidemiologi; Epidemiology; genetik; Genetics;

    Sammanfattning :   Background: Type 2 diabetes is thought to result from interactions between genetic and lifestyle factors, but few robust examples exist. The overarching aim of this thesis was to discover such interactions by studying cohorts of white youth and adults from northern Europe in which physical activity, genotypes, and diabetes-related traits or diabetes incidence had been ascertained. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Social inequity in health : Explanation from a life course and gender perspective

    Författare :Masuma Novak; Christina Ahlgren; Anne Hammarström; Kate Hunt; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; social inequity; pathways; social causation; life course; gender; intersectionality; smoking; musculoskeletal disorders; obesity; social mobility; Sweden; Public health medicine research areas; Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; Gender studies; Genus; Epidemiology; epidemiologi; hälso- och sjukvårdsforskning; health services research; näringslära; Nutrition; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin; Social environment; Social class; Life style; Obesity etiology; Smoking epidemiology; Musculoskeletal diseases etiology; Intersektionalitet; Socioekonomi; Hälsa vikten rökning Sverige; Sjukdomar kropp levnadsförhållanden; Klasstillhörighet genus utbildning; Social inequity; Pathways; Social causation; Life course; Gender; Intersectionality; Social mobility4; Sweden; Socioeconomics; Health obesity smoking Sweden; Diseases body living conditions; Class affinity gender education;

    Sammanfattning : Background: A boy child born in a Gothenburg suburb has a life expectancy that is nine years shorter than that of another child just 23 km away, and among girls the difference is five years. There is no necessary biological reason to this observed difference. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Early and later life mechanisms in the aetiology of cardiovascular disease

    Författare :Kristiina Rajaleid; Johan Hallqvist; Denny Vågerö; Amanda Sacker; Karolinska institutet Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : Evidence over the recent decades indicates that susceptibility to cardiovascular disease (CVD) may be established already prenatally and in early childhood, and that the aetiological processes of the disease involve biological and social influences occurring throughout a person’s life span. Numerous studies have shown that small size at birth is associated with increased risk of CVD later in life. LÄS MER