Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 711 avhandlingar innehållade ordet epidemiologi.
1. Striving against adversity. : the dynamics of migration, health and poverty in rural South Africa
Sammanfattning : Background: The study is based in post-apartheid South Africa and looks at the health and well being of households in the rural northeast. Temporary migration remains important in South Africa because it functions as a mainstay for income and even survival of rural communities. LÄS MER
2. Improving quality of perinatal care through clinical audit : a study from a tertiary hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Sammanfattning : Perinatal audit has been tested and proved an important tool for reduction of perinatal mortality and assessment of quality of perinatal care. At Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), a tertiary hospital in Dar es salaam, Tanzania we performed a retrospective cross-sectional study using data from an obstetrics database to classify all perinatal deaths during 1999-2003. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Background: Type 2 diabetes is thought to result from interactions between genetic and lifestyle factors, but few robust examples exist. The overarching aim of this thesis was to discover such interactions by studying cohorts of white youth and adults from northern Europe in which physical activity, genotypes, and diabetes-related traits or diabetes incidence had been ascertained. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Background: A boy child born in a Gothenburg suburb has a life expectancy that is nine years shorter than that of another child just 23 km away, and among girls the difference is five years. There is no necessary biological reason to this observed difference. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Evidence over the recent decades indicates that susceptibility to cardiovascular disease (CVD) may be established already prenatally and in early childhood, and that the aetiological processes of the disease involve biological and social influences occurring throughout a person’s life span. Numerous studies have shown that small size at birth is associated with increased risk of CVD later in life. LÄS MER