Sökning: "efflux"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 138 avhandlingar innehållade ordet efflux.

  1. 1. GLIAL HEMICHANNELS: A NEW ROUTE FOR CHEMICAL COMMUNICATION IN BRAIN

    Författare :Malin Stridh; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2008]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; astrocyte; antioxidant; connexin; hemichannel; glutathione; efflux; glutamate;

    Sammanfattning : The extracellular neurochemistry determines normal brain function and the faith of neurons after insults such as stroke. This thesis concerns the effect of extracellular events related to intense neuronal stimulation and stroke, i.e. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Drug Transport and Metabolism in Rat and Human Intestine

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Sofia Berggren; Uppsala universitet.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :Biopharmacy; Ussing chamber; microsome; single-pass perfusion; human; rat; intestine; permeability; efflux; P-glycoprotein; metabolism; cytochrome P450; ropivacaine; lidocaine; bupivacaine; Biofarmaci; PPX;

    Sammanfattning : One of the aims of this thesis was to investigate the involvement of efflux proteins, such as the P-glycoprotein (Pgp), in the drug transport in different regions of the rat and the human intestine. The intestinal extrusion of intracellularly formed CYP3A4 metabolites, including whether this extrusion might be mediated by Pgp, was also studied. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Pulmonary Drug Absorption In vitro and in vivo investigations of drug absorption across the lung barrier and its relation to drug physicochemical properties

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Ann Tronde; Uppsala universitet.; [2002]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacy; lung; pulmonary; drug delivery; inhalation; drug transport; pharmacokinetics; absorption; bioavailability; drug metabolism; preclinical; rat; in vivo; isolated and perfused lung; Caco-2; nebulization catheter; aerosol; physicochemical; peptide; efflux; FARMACI; PHARMACY; FARMACI; Biopharmaceutics; biofarmaci;

    Sammanfattning : Although, pulmonary drug delivery is a well established means for targeting of drugs to the lungs for the treatment of respiratory diseases as well as for the systemic delivery of volatile anesthetic agents, drug absorption kinetics in the lung have not been subjected to extensive research. The main objective of this thesis was to investigate drug absorption characteristics of the lung barrier, using the isolated and perfused rat lung model and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies in rats. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Drug Dissolution under Physiologically Relevant Conditions In Vitro and In Vivo

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Eva Persson; Uppsala universitet.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :Biopharmacy; solubility; drug dissolution; food effects; poorly soluble drugs; P-gp inhibition; drug absorption; pemeability; bile acids; phospholipids; human intestinal fluid; simulated intestinal fluid; neutral lipids; solid phase extraction; HPLC; Efflux; Biofarmaci;

    Sammanfattning : The general aim of the present project was to increase the understanding of the in vivo dissolution of poorly soluble drugs and thereby improve possibility to predict in vivo solubility from substance properties. Increased understanding of the in vivo limitations of drug solubility could potentially also generate ideas for improved formulation principles for poorly soluble compounds and more relevant in vitro dissolution test methods used in formulation development. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Blood-Brain Barrier Transport Investigation of Active Efflux using Positron Emission Tomography and Modelling Studies

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Stina Syvänen; Uppsala universitet.; [2008]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; pharmacokinetics; P-glycoprotein; blood-brain barrier; modelling; PET; active efflux; species differences; [11C]verapamil; drug development; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis examines the transport of exogenous molecules across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), focusing on active efflux, using positron emission tomography (PET), computer simulation and modelling. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibition was studied using [11C]verapamil and [11C]hydroxyurea was investigated as a new marker for active efflux transport. LÄS MER