Sökning: "effective gauge fields"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade orden effective gauge fields.

  1. 1. Hot and Dense Gauge Theories with External Fields

    Författare :David Persson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : In the introductory part of this thesis, I briefly review quantum statistichal mechanics; quantum field theory with external fields; the real and imaginary time formalisms in thermal field theory; and the hard thermal loop resummation. In the second part, consisting of here reprinted research articles, we apply this to quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics with a background (chromo-) magnetic field in the presence of a heat and charge reservoir. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Quasiparticles in the Quantum Hall Effect

    Författare :Janik Kailasvuori; Thors Hans Hansson; Jan Myrheim; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum Hall effect; quasiparticles; noncommutative Chern-Simons theory; nonabelian statistics; thin torus; p-wave superconductivity; topology; index theory; effective gauge fields; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE), discovered in 1982 in a two-dimensional electron system, has generated a wealth of successful theory and new concepts in condensed matter physics, but is still not fully understood. The possibility of having nonabelian quasiparticle statistics has recently attracted attention on purely theoretical grounds but also because of its potential applications in topologically protected quantum computing. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Field Theories and Vortices with Nontrivial Geometry

    Författare :Kristel Torokoff; Antti Niemi; Masud Chaichian; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Theoretical physics; theoretical physics; gauge field theory; knot theory; spontaneously broken symmetry; effective model; numerical calculation; soliton; vortex; electromagnetic plasma; Teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates aspects of field theories and soliton solutions with nontrivial topology. In particular we explore the following effective models: a limited sector of the scalar Electroweak theory called extended Abelian Higgs model, and a classical mechanics model derived from the low energy SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Higher Order Calculations for Low Energy Precision Physics

    Författare :Nils Hermansson Truedsson; Teoretisk partikelfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Effective Field Theory; Chiral Perturbation Theory; The Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment; Lattice Gauge Theory; Finite Volume Effects; Fysicumarkivet A:2019:Hermansson; Effektiv fältteori; Kiral störningsräkning; Myonens anomala magnetiska moment; Gitter-gaugeteori; Ändlig-volymkorrektioner;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis concerns higher order calculations needed for precision physics in the low energy region of particlephysics. Of the four papers it contains, the first two introduce calculations at order p8 in the power countingof chiral perturbation theory, which is an effective field theory of QCD at low energies. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Yang-Mills Theory in Gauge-Invariant Variables and Geometric Formulation of Quantum Field Theories

    Författare :Sergey Slizovskiy; Antti Niemi; Andrey Losev; Andrey Marshakov; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Yang-Mills theory; spin-charge separation; Kaluza-Klein theory; branes; curved beta-gamma systems; Mathematical physics; Matematisk fysik; Theoretical Physics; Teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In Part I we are dealing with effective description of Yang-Mills theories based on gauge-invarint variables. For pure Yang-Mills we study the spin-charge separation varibles. The dynamics in these variables resembles the Skyrme-Faddeev model. LÄS MER