Sökning: "ecosystem functioning"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 83 avhandlingar innehållade orden ecosystem functioning.

  1. 1. Diversity and Ecosystem Functioning : Redundancy and Resilience in Freshwater Bacterial Communities

    Författare :Hannes Peter; Lars J. Tranvik; Eva S. Lindström; Silke Langenheder; Nelson G. Hairston; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biodiversity; ecosystem functioning; bacteria; fresh water; biofilms; multifunctionality; ecological networks; perturbation; fragility; Biologi med inriktning mot limnologi; Biology with specialization in Limnology;

    Sammanfattning : Bacteria are immensely diverse and hold key-positions in essentially all biogeochemical cycles. In freshwater ecosystems, bacteria degrade and mineralize organic compounds, linking the pool of dissolved organic matter to higher trophic levels. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning : What Diversity? Which Functioning?

    Författare :Fabian Roger; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ecology; Biodiversity; Ecosystem functioning; Multifunctionality; Microbial Ecosystems;

    Sammanfattning : We share our planet with an estimated 8.7 million eukaryotic species and an uncountable number of bacteria and archaea. But that amazing diversity is under threat from overexploitation, habitat destruction and climate change. This realization has lead ecologists to study the consequences of species loss. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ecosystem functioning in streams : Disentangling the roles of biodiversity, stoichiometry, and anthropogenic drivers

    Författare :André Frainer; Roland Jansson; Brendan McKie; Jonathan Benstead; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; detrital food web; functional diversity; stoichiometry; nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations; recalcitrant carbon; spatial and temporal species distribution; pools and riffles; isotopes; leaf decomposition rates; land use; restoration; habitat complexity;

    Sammanfattning : What will happen to ecosystems if species continue to go extinct at the high rates seen today? Although ecosystems are often threatened by a myriad of physical or chemical stressors, recent evidence has suggested that the loss of species may have impacts on the functions and services of ecosystems that equal or exceed other major environmental disturbances. The underlying causes that link species diversity to ecosystem functioning include species niche complementarity, facilitative interactions, or selection effects, which cause process rates to be enhanced in more diverse communities. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Importance of blue mussels for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in subtidal habitats

    Författare :Pia Norling; Nils Kautsky; Tom Ysebaert; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; blue mussel; Mytilus spp.; ecosystem engineering; habitat-modifier; diversity; facilitation; ecosystem functioning; ecosystem services and water quality maintenance; Marine ecology; Marin ekologi; marin ekotoxikologi; Marine Ecotoxicology;

    Sammanfattning : Blue mussels, Mytilus spp., occur on rocky and sedimentary shores worldwide where they often form dense aggregates. These assemblages change the local environment and create unique habitats. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Function follows Form : Trait-based approaches to climate change effects on wetland vegetation and functioning

    Författare :Helen Moor; Jon Norberg; Andrew Gonzalez; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Functional traits; Plant community ecology; Trait distributions; Wetlands; Ecosystem functioning; Ecosystem Services; Climate change; Dispersal; Metacommunity modelling; naturresurshushållning; Natural Resources Management;

    Sammanfattning : Climate change and habitat fragmentation are altering the structure and functioning of plant communities world-wide. Understanding how, why and with what consequences are major challenges of ecology today. Trait-based approaches focus on functional rather than taxonomic identity to facilitate process-based explanation and prediction. LÄS MER