Sökning: "economies of scale"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 72 avhandlingar innehållade orden economies of scale.

  1. 1. Profitability Performance of Supermarkets : The effects of scale of operation, local market conditions, and conduct on the economic performance of supermarkets

    Författare :Mikael Hernant; Högskolan i Skövde; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Retailing; Store performance; Profitability; Economies of scale; Competition; Business and economics; Ekonomi; Humanities and Social sciences; Humaniora-samhällsvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Ever since introduced and rolled out on the market during the 1950's and 1960's the supermarket format of grocery retail stores has played an important role in the grocery retail sector in Sweden, as well as in other countries. Although the sector in Sweden has evolved into a sector harbouring various store formats, the supermarket remains the major one - about half of the total volume of sales currently goes through supermarkets. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Letters & Bytes : Sociotechnical Studies of Distance Education

    Författare :Francis Lee; Ulf Mellström; Boel Berner; Adrian Mackenzie; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; HUMANIORA; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HUMANITIES; sociology of technology; distance education; education; history of education; correspondence education; Learning Objects; standardization; actor-network theory; associations; translation; dispositif; tekniksociologi; distansutbildning; utbildning; korrespondensundervisning; lärobjekt; standardisering; aktörsnätverks teori; översättning; associering; dispositif; Technology and social change; Teknik och social förändring; Sociology; Sociologi; History of technology; Teknikhistoria; Education; Pedagogik; Informatics and systems science; Informatik och systemvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation studies the social aspects of technology in distance education trough the lens of history – in the form of correspondence education – and a possible future – in the form of a project of technical standardization, Learning Objects. The studied cases form a reflexive tool that allows the present of distance education to be seen in perspective. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Bilateral shipping and trade : Swedish-Finnish experiences in the post-war period

    Författare :Lars Fredrik Andersson; Olle Krantz; Jari Ojala; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Economic history; Economic history; convergence; economic integration; trade; bilateral; intra-industrial trade; inter-industrial trade; shipping; ferry services; gravity equation; economies of scope; economies of scale; economies of density; post-war period; Ekonomisk historia; Economic history; Ekonomisk historia;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis explores the bilateral shipping and trade between Finland and Sweden during the post-war period. It comprises five articles and one introductory chapter for which the common point of departure is the growth and transformation of bilateral trade and shipping. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The pace of innovation : Patterns of innovation in the cardiac pacemaker industry

    Författare :Patrik Hidefjäll; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Cardiac Pacemaker; Competition; Competitive Advantage; Defibrillator; Dominant Design; Innovation; Organizational Field; Patterns of Innovation; Technical Change; Technology Cycle; INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS; TVÄRVETENSKAPLIGA FORSKNINGSOMRÅDEN;

    Sammanfattning : The PhD thesis "The Pace of Innovation" addresses the questions how patterns of innovation change over time in an industry, their consequences for competition and how institutional conditions in an industry shape determinants of patterns of innovation. Patterns of innovation mainly refer to how certain regularities in the diversity, types and locus of innovation change in an industry according to a technology and industry life cycle. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Intra-industry trade: measurements, determinants and growth : a study of Swedish foreign trade

    Författare :Pär Hansson; Lars Lundberg; David Greenaway; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Intra-industry trade; determinants; comparative costs; factor intensity; product differentiation; elasticity of substitution; economies of scale; quasi-homothetictastes; Sweden; Economics; Nationalekonomi; intra-industry trade; quasi-homothetic tastes;

    Sammanfattning : The conclusions are that a traditional factor proportions model seems neither theoretically nor empirically to explaing IIT. However, a relaxation of the assumption of homogeneous products in an industry gives rise to several implications for IIT. LÄS MER