Sökning: "disposition"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 154 avhandlingar innehållade ordet disposition.

  1. 1. Measuring Health : On the Theoretical Foundations of Health Status Evaluations

    Författare :Amanda Thorell; Sören Häggqvist; Richard Dawid; Elselijn Kingma; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; biostatistical theory; disease; disposition; efficiency; function; health; pathology; philosophy of medicine; physiology; reference class; Philosophy; filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is about the notions of health and pathology in medical theory. I develop a theory, which defines ‘health’ and ‘pathology’ in a way that solves several problems with earlier suggestions of how to define these terms. I call the theory ‘the disposition profile efficiency theory’, abbreviated ‘the DPE-theory’. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Trusting and Taking Risks : a Philosophical Inquiry

    Författare :Madeleine Hayenhjelm; Sven Ove Hansson; Johannes Persson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; beliefs; comfortable defocusing; disposition; power; public trust; risk; Philosophy subjects; Filosofiämnen; Förtroende Risk;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation is a philosophical contribution to the theories on trust and on risk communication. The importance of trust in risk communication has been argued for and empirically studied since the 80s. However, there is little agreement on the notion of trust and the precise function of trust. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Samtal med den värdefulla naturen : Ett studium av miljöetiken hos Knud Lõgstrup, Holmes Rolston III och Hans Jonas

    Författare :Staffan Kvassman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Religion; Anthropocentrism; biocentrism; instrumental value; intrinsic value; value nihilism; objective value; correspondence theory; moral realism; absolute human dignity; deductive knowledge; inductive knowledge; cosmophenomenology; science; creation theology; sensation; disposition; appealing nature; interplay; Religionsvetenskap Teologi; Religion Theology; Religionsvetenskap Teologi; etik; Ethics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis has three aims. One aim is to explain and analyse the environmental ethics of Rolston, Jonas and Lögstrup. A second aim is to compare and criticize their environmental ethics. A third aim is to put forward a personal proposal for an acceptable formulation of a weakly biocentrical environmental ethic. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Causal Facts

    Författare :Johannes Persson; Teoretisk filosofi; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; causation; trope; disposition; causal explanation; causal law; Philosophical logic; counterfactual conditional; causal mechanism; Teoretisk filosofi; logik;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis addresses the nature of causation. It is argued that causation exists and is as local as its causes and effects. As a consequence, the position advocated is contrary to the as yet prevailing view that no 'causal tie' between cause and effect exists. Moreover, it is suggested that this tie can be perceived. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Belief & Desire: the Standard Model of Intentional Action — Critique and Defence

    Författare :Björn Petersson; Praktisk filosofi; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; ethics; Systematic philosophy; Michael Smith; David Hume; Donald Davidson; akrasia; 2nd order desires; reasons; understandings; intention; propositional content; tendency; desire; disposition; belief-desire model; motivation; aesthetics; metaphysics; epistemology; ideology; Praktisk filosofi; estetik; metafysik; kunskapsteori; ideologi;

    Sammanfattning : The scheme of concepts we employ in daily life to explain intentional behaviour form a belief-desire model (BD model), in which motivating states are sorted into two suitably broad categories. The BD model embeds a philosophy of action, i.e. LÄS MER