Sökning: "direct-detection"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 41 avhandlingar innehållade ordet direct-detection.

  1. 1. Unveiling the nature of dark matter with direct detection experiments

    Författare :Vanessa Zema; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; annual-modulation; dark-matter; polarised-nuclei; phonons; COSINUS; cryogenics; NaI; phenomenology; CRESST; direct-detection;

    Sammanfattning : The desire of discovery is an anthropic need which characterises and connects the human being over the eras. In particular, observing the sky is an instinctive drive exerted by the curiosity of the mysteries which it retains. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Effects of Dark Matter in Astrophysical Systems

    Författare :Stefan Clementz; Mattias Blennow; Tommy Ohlsson; Riccardo Catena; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Dark matter; Self-interactions; solar capture; helioseismology; inelastic dark matter; direct detection; indirect detection; Fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : When studying astrophysical structures with sizes ranging from dwarf galaxies to galaxy clusters, it becomes clear that there are vast amounts of unobservable gravitating mass. A compelling hypothesis is that this missing mass, which we call dark matter, consists of elementary particles that can be described in the same manner as those of the standard model of particle physics. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Supersymmetry vis-à-vis Observation : Dark Matter Constraints, Global Fits and Statistical Issues

    Författare :Yashar Akrami; Joakim Edsjö; Lars Bergström; Roberto Trotta; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supersymmetry; cosmology of theories beyond the Standard Model; dark matter; gamma rays; dwarf galaxies; direct detection; statistical techniques; scanning algorithms; genetic algorithms; statistical coverage; Astroparticle physics; Astropartikelfysik; Cosmology; Kosmologi; Astroparticle physics; Astropartikelfysik; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Weak-scale supersymmetry is one of the most favoured theories beyond the Standard Model of particle physics that elegantly solves various theoretical and observational problems in both particle physics and cosmology. In this thesis, I describe the theoretical foundations of supersymmetry, issues that it can address and concrete supersymmetric models that are widely used in phenomenological studies. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Enhancing Direct Searches for Dark Matter : Spatial-Temporal Modeling and Explicit Likelihoods

    Författare :Bart Eduard Jan Pelssers; Jan Conrad; Jochen Schieck; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Dark matter; direct detection; statistical analysis; fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Astronomical and cosmological observations on different scales point to the existence of dark matter. In the current cosmological paradigm this dark matter accounts for about 26% of the energy-density of the universe, yet has not been directly observed. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Signaling for Optical Intensity Channels

    Författare :Johnny Karout; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :lattice codes; mutual information; intensity modulation; noncoherent communications; Direct detection; sphere packing.; infrared communications; free-space optical communications; fiber-optical communications;

    Sammanfattning : With the growing popularity of social media services, e-commerce, and many other internet-based services, we are witnessing a rapid growth in the deployment of data centers and cloud computing platforms. As a result, the telecommunications industry has to continue providing additional network capacity to meet the increasing demand for bandwidth. LÄS MER