Sökning: "diet"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 900 avhandlingar innehållade ordet diet.

  1. 1. Diet and Cardiometabolic Disease : Dietary trends and the impact of diet on diabetes and cardiovascular disease

    Författare :Benno Krachler; Bernt Lindahl; Göran Hallmans; Mats Eliasson; Ingvar Bosaeus; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Medicine; Cross-sectional study; Cross-sectional survey; Diet; Dietary intake; Dietary survey; Food consumption; Food frequency; Milk; MONICA; Sweden; Body Mass Index; Hip circumference; Waist circumference; Diabetes; Metabolic syndrome; Cardiometabolic syndrome; Cardiovascular disease; Erythrocyte Membrane; Fatty Acids; Membrane Lipids; Fatty acid desaturases; Pentadecanoic acid; Heptadecanoic acid; Lignan; Enterolactone; Dietary Fibre; Physical activity; Education; Smoking; Alcohol; Medicin; medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in most industrialised countries and in developing countries the trend in cardiovascular-related deaths is increasing. World-wide, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an emerging cause of disability and premature death. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On diet in ankylosing spondylitis

    Författare :Björn Sundström; Solveig Wållberg-Jonsson; Gunnar Johansson; Margaretha Haugen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diet; ankylosing spondylitits; omega-3; cardiovascular; reumatologi; rheumatology;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to examine the role of diet in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Patients were examined in: i) a postal questionnaire survey of dietary habits and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms; ii) a study on biomarkers of diet and disease activity; iii) a comparison of cardiovascular risk factors with the general population using data from the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP), and; iv) a 21-week omega-3 fatty acid supplementation study regarding the effects on disease activity. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Metabolic consequences of a Paleolithic diet in obese postmenopausal women

    Författare :Caroline Blomquist; Tommy Olsson; Elin Chorell; Per-Arne Svensson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Postmenopausal women; Paleolithic diet; randomized diet intervention; fat metabolism; low-grade inflammation; circulating fatty acids; diet validation; obesity; insulin resistance; Postmenopausala kvinnor; Paleolitisk kost; randomiserad kostintervention; fettmetabolism; fetma; låggradig inflammation; cirkulerande fettsyror; kostvalidering; fetma; insulin resistens; medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : BackgroundObesity, in particular abdominal adiposity, is associated with elevated fatty acids and pro-inflammatory adipokines, which are linked to ectopic fat storage and insulin resistance. During menopause, there is a redistribution of fat from the peripheral to abdominal depots. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Factors influencing the risk of diabetic nephropathy : analyses of genes, smoking and diet

    Författare :Anna Möllsten; Gisela Dahlquist; Lise Tarnow; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; type 1 diabetes; diabetic nephropathy; oxidative stress; smoking; diet; blood pressure; renin-angiotensin system; nitric oxide synthase; Kidney diseases; Njursjukdomar;

    Sammanfattning : Diabetic long-term complications, despite intensive treatment, cause serious handicaps at relatively young age in diabetic patients. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) develops in up to 30% of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Diet and postmenopausal breast cancer - With a focus on low-grade inflammation

    Författare :Joana Alves Dias; Nutritionsepidemiologi; []
    Nyckelord :Oxidative stress; low-grade inflammation; Biomarkers of inflammation; cytokines; ICC; variation; diet; dietary recommendations; diet quality index; food patterns; reduced rank regression; obesity; CVD; postmenopausal breast cancer; epidemiology; cross sectional; nested case-control;

    Sammanfattning : Diet-breast cancer studies have shown that “healthy eating patterns” are associated with decreased risk whereas unhealthy patterns (especially those including alcohol) are associated with increased risk, particularly in postmenopausal women. The potential mechanisms behind the observed associations are still under investigation. LÄS MER