Sökning: "dermal contact"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade orden dermal contact.

  1. 1. Experimental and Clinical Studies on Contact Allergy to Diphenylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanate and Related Substances

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University: Faculty of Medicine

    Författare :Haneen Hamada; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :4; 4′-MDI; freund s complete adjuvant; Guinea pig maximization test; 4; 4 -MDA; 4; 4 -DMDA; 4; 4 -DMDI; PPD; p-phenylenediamine; 2; 4-TDI; Toluene diisocyanate; trimer; FCA; Cross-reactivity; dermal uptake; contact allergy; contact dermatitis;

    Sammanfattning : The exposure to isocyanates is more of an occupational problem than a consumer problem. The main route of exposure is assumed to be through inhalation. Isocyanates that have high vapor pressure, such as TDI, can be airborne at room temperature. Other isocyanates such as MDI are volatile only when heated. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Dermal cell trafficking : from microscopy to microdialysis

    Detta är en avhandling från Linköping : Linköpings universitet

    Författare :Florence Sjögren; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : The term dermal cell trafficking has been used to describe the dynamic nature of cell movement in the dermis reflecting the skin's role as an immunological organ. A light microscopic experimental model for qualitative and quantitative counting of the dermal inflammatory cell infiltrate in allergic, acute irritant and cumulative irritant contact reactions has been developed In human studies use of microdialysis technique has enabled observation of biochemical events in the skin, in vivo over a period of time. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Metal Particles – Hazard or Risk? Elaboration and Implementation of a Research Strategy from a Surface and Corrosion Perspective

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH

    Författare :Klara Midander; KTH.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ferro-chromium alloy; metal particles; bioaccessibility; chemical speciation; dermal contact; surface oxide; in-vitro testing; chemical speciation; cu; copper; comet assay; intracellular; ultrafine; in vitro; A549; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; nanoparticles; particle characterization; artificial sweat; nickel release; nickel powder particles; particle loadings; release kinetics; surface area; copper release; powder particles; synthetic body fluids; simulation of interstitial lung conditions; skin contact; metal release; stainless steel; particles; test method; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Physical chemistry Surface and colloid chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Fysikalisk kemi Yt- och kolloidkemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Analytical chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Analytisk kemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Analytical chemistry Spectroscopy; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Analytisk kemi Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : Do metal particles (including particles of pure metals, alloys, metal oxides and compounds) pose a hazard or risk to human health? In the light of this question, this thesis summarizes results from research conducted on metal particles, and describes the elaboration and implementation of an in vitro test methodology to study metal release from particles through corrosion and dissolution processes in synthetic biological media relevant for human exposure through inhalation/ingestion and dermal contact.Bioaccessible metals are defined as the pool of released metals from particles that potentially could be made available for absorption by humans or other organisms. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Study of serotonin, innervation and sensory neuropeptides in allergic contact dermatitis

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine

    Författare :Husameldin El-Nour; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Allergic contact dermatitis; serotonin; sensory neuropeptides; nerve density;

    Sammanfattning : In a murine model of contact allergy, 24 h after challenge with antigen, increased axonal growth using an antibody to growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) was seen in the epidermis and dermis of eczematous skin. Protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) positive nerve fibres tended to increase in the eczematous skin. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dermal exposure to pesticides in Nicaragua : A qualitative and quantitative approach

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences

    Författare :Aurora Aragón; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dermal exposure; developing country; pesticides; subsistence farmers; fluorescent tracer; visual scoring system; skin wipes; pesticide residues.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Pesticide use continues to be a serious public health problem in developing countries, despite decades of safe pesticide use strategies. In Nicaragua, organophosphate insecticides, in particular chlorpyrifos and methamidophos are responsible for about half of the acute pesticide poisonings. LÄS MER