Sökning: "deleterious mutations"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 35 avhandlingar innehållade orden deleterious mutations.
Sammanfattning : Bacteria have small, streamlined genomes and evolve rapidly. Their large population sizes allow selection to be the main driver of evolution. With advances in sequencing technologies and precise methods for genetic engineering, many bacteria are excellent models for studying elementary questions in evolutionary biology. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of deleterious mutations and linkage on variation in neutral markers and fitness in small populations. The study is based on two main approaches, one by using computer simulations, the other by exploring genetic variation in a cyclical parthenogen, Daphnia pulex (Crustacea: Cladocera). LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : One of the most unforgiving processes in nature is that of Muller's ratchet, a seemingly irreversible accumulation of deleterious mutations that all organisms have to deal with or face extinction. The most obvious way to avoid fitness collapse is recombination, though asexual populations usually do not have the luxury of recombining freely. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Bacteria have the ability to adapt to various challenging environments. The rate, extent and consequences of bacterial adaptation depend on both microbial and environmental factors. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The dissemination and persistence of antibiotic resistance, is not only depending on the volume of drugs used but also on the resistance mechanisms effect of bacterial fitness (reproductive ability). Fitness is a multifactorial parameter that is comprised of the relative growth rate of the resistant pathogen in the host and in the environment, as well as the clearance and transmission rates compared to susceptible strains. LÄS MER