Sökning: "cost of reproduction"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 46 avhandlingar innehållade orden cost of reproduction.

  1. 1. Physiological trade-offs in reproduction and condition dependence of a secondary sexual trait

    Författare :Måns S. Andersson; Victor Apanius; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Developmental biology; Trade-offs; life history; immune ecology; cost of reproduction; costs of immune response; sexual selection; migration; moult; Newcastle disease; HbA1C; Ficedula albicollis; Utvecklingsbiologi; Developmental biology; Utvecklingsbiologi; Animal Ecology; zooekologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis examines parental condition, how it is traded off against reproduction and how it is displayed in a secondary sexual trait. The studies were performed on nest-box breeding collared flycatchers Ficedula albicollis on the island of Gotland, in the Baltic Sea. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Experimental Evolution of Life-history : Testing the Evolutionary Theories of Ageing

    Författare :Hwei-yen Chen; Alexei Maklakov; Tracey Chapman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :senescence; ageing; longevity; mortality; experimental evolution; Caenorhabditis remanei; Biologi; Biology;

    Sammanfattning : Ageing reduces fitness, but how ageing evolves is still unclear. Evolutionary theory of ageing hinges on the fundamental principal that the force of natural selection declines with age. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On starlings and farming: population decline, foraging strategies, cost of reproduction and breeding success

    Författare :Måns Bruun; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; breeding success; foraging strategies; intensification; agricultural methods; population decline; farmland bird; cost of reproduction; Animal ecology; Djurekologi;

    Sammanfattning : The European Starling Sturnus vulgaris as many other farmland bird species has been declining during the last decades. The cause of these declines is generally believed to be changes with in agricultural methods affecting breeding and survival of birds. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Priority setting strategies for regulatory testing of industrial chemicals

    Författare :Anna Nordberg; Christina Rudén; Sven Ove Hansson; Nils Gunnar Lindquist; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; risk assessment; risk management; regulatory toxicology; test strategies; prioritisation; REACH; industrial chemicals; History of technology and industry; Teknik- och industrihistoria;

    Sammanfattning : For the majority of the estimated 70,000 industrial chemical substances available on the European market today there is not enough information to enable a reasonably complete assessment of the risks that they might pose to man and the environment. Any strategy for the generation of additional data for these substances should aim at making testing as efficient as possible taking into account environmental and health protection, time, monetary cost and animal welfare. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Causes and consequences of blood parasite infections in birds

    Författare :Martin Stjernman; Biodiversitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Animal physiology; Djurfysiologi; Parasitologi människa och djur ; Parasitology human and animal ; maternal transfer; stabilising selection; parasite resistance; parasites; trade-off; cost of reproduction; Ficedula hypoleuca; pied flycatcher; Haemoproteus; blue tit; Parus caeruleus;

    Sammanfattning : Parasites are ubiquitous and can cause significant fitness reductions to their hosts. Therefore, selection for the evolution of host resistance should be strong. However, resistance may be costly and should be traded-off against other fitness related traits. LÄS MER