Sökning: "condensed"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 845 avhandlingar innehållade ordet condensed.

  1. 1. Core-hole Clock Spectroscopy Using Hard X-rays : Exciting States in Condensed Matter

    Författare :Fredrik Johansson; Andreas Lindblad; Carla Puglia; Tomas Edvinsson; Marc Simon; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; core-hole clock; resonant Auger; XPS; black phosphorous; TMDC; perovskite; graphene; coincidences spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation; HAXPES;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is about how electrons move from one place to another, that is charge transfer dynamics. Charge transfer dynamics is an important property governing chemical and physical changes that form the base for many applications such as electronics, optoelectronics and catalysis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Simulation of relaxation processes in complex condensed matter systems : Algorithmic and physical aspets

    Författare :Tomas Oppelstrup; Mikhail Dzugutov; Göran Wahnström; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Numerical analysis; Numerisk analys; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap; Defects and diffusion; Defekter och diffusion;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis summarizes interrelated simulation studies of three different physical phenomena. The three topics are: simulation of work hardening of materials using dislocation dynamics, investigation of anomalous diffusion in supercooled liquids using molecular dynamics,and kinetic Monte-Carlo simulation of annealing of radiation damaged materials. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On the nature of self-assembly in low-density condensed matter : A classical molecular dynamics approach

    Författare :Alfredo Metere; Peter Oleynikov; Anatoly Belonoshko; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The study of the physics of self-assembly in low-density condensed matter is an extremely interesting, mostly unexplored field of scientific research. The contribution reported in this thesis explains how this problem can be addressed using molecular dynamics simulation of 3D systems composed by simple, identical particles, interacting via a spherically symmetric pair potential, which belongs to the class of Dzugutov potentials. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Density Functional Theory Studies of Small Supported Gold Clusters and Related Questions : What a Difference an Atom Makes

    Författare :Martin Amft; Natalia Skorodumova; Olle Eriksson; Hannu Häkkinen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Gold clusters; CO oxidation; graphene; spin-orbit coupling; van der Waals interactions; thermally excited vibrations; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : During the last decades the specific manipulation of matter on the (sub-) nanometer scale, also known as nanoscience, became possible by technologies such as the scanning tunneling microscope. Nanocatalysts, i.e. catalytic active structures of up to a few nanometers in size, belong to this rather new class of materials. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Multipoles in Correlated Electron Materials

    Författare :Francesco Cricchio; Lars Nordström; Peter Oppeneer; Igor Solovyev; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; correlated electrons; magnetic ordering; multipoles; actinides; hidden order; high temperature superconductors; Fe pnictides; electronic structure calculations; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Superconductivity; Supraledning; Electronic structure; Elektronstruktur; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Electronic structure calculations constitute a valuable tool to predict the properties of materials. In this study we propose an efficient scheme to study correlated electron systems with essentially only one free parameter, the screening length of the Coulomb potential. LÄS MER