Sökning: "condensed matter physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 774 avhandlingar innehållade orden condensed matter physics.

  1. 1. Metal and Semiconductor Nanocrystals for Quantum Devices

    Detta är en avhandling från Solid State Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Martin Magnusson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2001]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; thermal and mechanical properties; quantum devices; nanocrystals; nanoparticles; gold; aerosol technology; tungsten; gallium arsenide; indium phosphide; semiconductors; thermal charging; nanoxerography; single electron transistors; nanowhiskers; Physics; Fysik; Semiconductory physics; Condensed matter:stucture; Halvledarfysik; crystallography; phase equilibria; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; kristallografi; fasjämvikt; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Magnusson;

    Sammanfattning : Aerosol technology was used to develop new methods for fabrication of size-selected, nanometer-sized particles of metals and semiconductors. Such particles were used to realize different types of quantum devices and nanometer-sized structures. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nanoscale Crystal Growth: The Importance of Interfaces and Phase Boundaries Kristallväxt på Nanometer Skala: Vikten av Ytor och Gränser

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Brent Wacaser; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; kristallografi; fasjämvikt; Semiconductory physics; Halvledarfysik; thermal and mechanical properties; crystallography; phase equilibria; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; Condensed matter:stucture; Fysik; Physics; epitaxy; VLS; MOVPE; CBE; nanostructures; crystal growth; nanowires; III-V semiconductors; growth mechanism; MBE; Material technology; Materiallära; materialteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Surfaces and interfaces have a special significance to nanotechnology because the surface/volume ratio of nanomaterials is larger than for bulk materials. Therefore, interfaces of nanomaterials are usually more important to the properties of nanomaterials than for larger scale materials. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Epitaxial Growth and Design of Nanowires and Complex Nanostructures

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Kimberly Dick Thelander; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Natural science; III-V Semiconductor Materials; Fysik; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; phase equilibria; crystallography; thermal and mechanical properties; Condensed matter:stucture; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; kristallografi; fasjämvikt; Naturvetenskap; Physics; Nanowires; Vapour Phase Epitaxy; Semiconductory physics; Halvledarfysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes the epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor nanowires using Au seed particles, and the design of more complex three-dimensional branched structures from these wires. Growth was performed by metallorganic vapour phase epitaxy, in which precursor molecules for the semiconductor material components are introduced in a low-pressure vapour. LÄS MER

  4. 4. First Principles Calculations of Electron Transport and Structural Damage by Intense Irradiation

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Carlos Ortiz; Uppsala universitet.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Condense matter theory; electronic structure; quasiparticles; GW theory; molecular dynamics; Boltzmann transport; electron transport; impact ionization; structural damage; dielectric response; structural biology; radiation detectors; scintillators; positron emission tommography; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Electronic structure; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Elektronstruktur; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Semiconductor physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Halvledarfysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Biological physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Biologisk fysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Critical phenomena phase transitions ; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Kritiska fenomen fasövergångar ; TECHNOLOGY Materials science Functional materials; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk materialvetenskap Funktionella material; Materiefysik; Physics of Matter;

    Sammanfattning : First principle electronic structure theory is used to describe the effect of crystal binding on radiation detectors, electron transport properties, and structural damage induced by intense irradiation. A large database containing general electronic structure results to which data mining algorithms can be applied in the search for new functional materials, a case study is presented for scintillator detector materials. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Optical Studies and Applications of Single Quantum Dots

    Detta är en avhandling från Solid State Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Valéry Zwiller; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2001]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; time resolved photoluminescence; Physics; Fysik; Semiconductory physics; Halvledarfysik; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; magnetic and optical properties; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; spectroscopy; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; egenskaper elektriska; magnetiska och optiska ; supraledare; spektroskopi; magnetisk resonans; microphotoluminescence; microcavities; photoluminescence; quantum optics; nano-optics; photonics; low dimensional structures; quantum dots; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Zwiller;

    Sammanfattning : The luminescence from single quantum dots has been studied. Single dot photoluminescence was studied under continuous as well as under pulsed excitation. Time-resolved studies revealed fast relaxations in quantum dots. The time resolved measurements were fitted with a set of rate equations. LÄS MER