Sökning: "computational social science"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 52 avhandlingar innehållade orden computational social science.

  1. 1. Representations of discourse : cognitive and computational aspects

    Författare :Nils Dahlbäck; Linköpings universitet; []

    Sammanfattning : This work is concerned with empirical studies of cognitive and computational aspects of discourse representations. A more specific aim is to contribute to the development of natural language interfaces for interaction with computers, especially the development of representations making possible a continuous interactive dialogue between user and system. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Learning-by-modeling : Novel Computational Approaches for Exploring the Dynamics of Learning and Self-governance in Social-ecological Systems

    Författare :Emilie Lindkvist; Maja Schlüter; Jon Norberg; Örjan Ekeberg; James Dyke; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Complex adaptive systems; Renewable resources; Adaptive management; Small-scale fisheries; Artificial intelligence; Reinforcement learning; Agent-based modeling; agent-baserade modeller; artificiell intelligens; social-ekologiska system; komplexa adaptiva system; förnyelsebara naturresurser; adaptiv förvaltning; Sustainability Science; vetenskap om hållbar utveckling;

    Sammanfattning : As a consequence of global environmental change, sustainable management and governance of natural resources face critical challenges, such as dealing with non-linear dynamics, increased resource variability, and uncertainty. This thesis seeks to address some of these challenges by using simulation models. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Mining for Meaning : using computational text analysis for social inquiry

    Författare :Miriam Hurtado Bodell; Marc Keuschnigg; Måns Magnusson; Peter Hedström; Laura Nelson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Text-as-data; Analytical sociology; Meaning-making; Computational text analysis; Computational social science;

    Sammanfattning : People interpret their surroundings through associations, determining what they perceive as belonging or not belonging together. For instance, one individual may view immigrants as a beneficial addition to the domestic labor market, while another may perceive them as a threat to job opportunities for native citizens. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Gender and representation : investigations of bias in natural language processing

    Författare :Hannah Devinney; Henrik Björklund; Jenny Björklund; Christian Hardmeier; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; NLP; natural language processing; gender bias; social impact of AI; gendered pronouns; neopronouns; gender studies; topic modeling; Computer Science; datalogi; computational linguistics; datorlingvistik; genusvetenskap; gender studies;

    Sammanfattning : Natural Language Processing (NLP) technologies are a part of our every day realities. They come in forms we can easily see as ‘language technologies’ (auto-correct, translation services, search results) as well as those that fly under our radar (social media algorithms, 'suggested reading' recommendations on news sites, spam filters). LÄS MER

  5. 5. F. A. Hayek's Critique of Legislation

    Författare :Cyril Holm; Torben Spaak; Pauline Westerman; Wennström Bo; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Hayek; legislation; rules; law; rationality; rational action; rational social order; equilibrium; utilitarianism; method of deliberation; criterion of correctness; Elinor Ostrom; Avner Greif; Vernon Smith; Joshua Epstein; complexity; knowledge; social cooperation; information; know-how; the Hayek problem; the invisible hand; Adam Smith; Mises; Keynes; Marx; welfare state; Gilbert Ryle; Michael Polanyi; theory of legislation; legisprudence; jurisprudence; Neo-Kantianism; historicism; cognitive closure; theory of prices; competition; syntax grammar; game theory; generative social science; agent-based computational modeling; institutional policy analysis; normative; primacy of economics; primacy of politics; Sheri Berman; constructivist rationalism; socialism; social democracy; Nozick; Rawls; distribution; justice; freedom; Kant; polycentric government; process of experimentation; speculative philosophy; analytical philosophy; freedom under the law; liberty; philosophy of mind; consequentialist; Jurisprudence; Allmän rättslära;

    Sammanfattning : The dissertation concerns F. A. Hayek’s (1899–1992) critique of legislation. The purpose of the investigation is to clarify and assess that critique. LÄS MER