Sökning: "community ecotoxicology"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 24 avhandlingar innehållade orden community ecotoxicology.

  1. 1. Hazard assessment of ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole and triclosan for marine periphyton : Ecotoxicology, Pollution Induced Community Tolerance and Co-Tolerance

    Författare :Henrik Johansson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Ecotoxicology; Antibioitcs; Antimicrobial agents; Ciprofloxacin; Sulfamethoxazole; Triclosan; Community ecotoxicology; Periphyton; Toxicant-induced succession; Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance PICT ;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotics and personal care products are used in large quantities and commonly detected in various environmental compartments. The two antibiotics, ciprofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole, and the personal care product triclosan are among the most commonly detected compounds in sewage treatment plants and aquatic environments. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Macroalgal community dynamics on coral reefs : Implications for management

    Författare :Erik Mörk; Nils Kautsky; Magnus Nyström; Tim R. McClanahan; Stein Fredriksen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Macroalgae; Coral Reefs; Herbivory; Nutrients; Ecosystem change; Fish; Sea Urchins; East Africa; Marine Ecotoxicology; marin ekotoxikologi;

    Sammanfattning : Although rather inconspicuous on healthy coral reefs, macroalgae form the basis of coral food webs. Today, macroalgae are generally increasing and many reefs undergo transitions from coral to macroalgal dominance resulting from e.g. enhanced nutrient loading or increased fishing. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Psychotropic Pharmaceuticals in Aquatic Systems: An Ecological Perspective

    Författare :Melanie Hedgespeth; Enhet akvatisk ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ecotoxicology; aquatic; trophic level; pharmaceutical; SSRI; beta-blocker; sertraline; fluoxetine; propranolol; fish; daphnia; snail; predator; prey; behavior; life history; multiple stressor;

    Sammanfattning : Psychotropic pharmaceuticals have been shown to exert a variety of sublethal effects on non-target organisms, even at low concentrations found in the environment (ng/L to µg/L); hence, the aim of my research has been to determine the individual-level effects of psychotropic pharmaceuticals (the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors sertraline and fluoxetine, and the β-blocker propranolol) on behavioral and life history traits in freshwater organisms. Further, this research was directed towards assessing the potential large-scale impacts of these effects on population growth and predator-prey interactions (with community-level implications) via the application of traditional, ecological concepts and models. LÄS MER

  4. 4. On Toxicant-Induced Succession in Periphyton Communities: Effects of Single Chemicals and Chemical Mixtures

    Författare :Tobias Porsbring; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :community ecotoxicology; toxicant-induced succession; chemical mixtures; concentration addition; independent action; diatoms; periphyton; algal pigments; algal sterols;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with the effects of single chemicals and chemical mixtures on biological communities. Ecosystems are exposed to complex mixtures of chemicals, and because combination effects can occ... LÄS MER

  5. 5. Microbiome Of Ecotoxicity Assays

    Författare :Asa Motiei; Elena Gorokhova; Natàlia Corcoll; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biofilm; Microplastics; Suspended solids; Aquatic toxicology; Daphnia magna; Ecotoxicology; Bacterial colonization; Particle aggregation; Microbiome interaction; Standardization; Applied Environmental Science; tillämpad miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Microorganisms are ubiquitous and present in animal microbiomes, particulates, and colonizable surfaces of test systems. From an ecotoxicological perspective, they are metabolically active biological compartments that respond to test conditions, including test substances. LÄS MER