Sökning: "chromosome"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 784 avhandlingar innehållade ordet chromosome.

  1. 1. Development and Application of Human Chromosome 22 Genomic Microarray : Chromosome 22-Associated Disorders Analyzed by Array-Based Comparative Genomic Hybridization

    Författare :Magdalena Benetkiewicz; Jan Dumanski; Niklas Dahl; Frank Speleman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular genetics; DNA copy number changes; chromosome 22; genomic microarray; array-CGH; schwannoma; neurofibromatosis type 2; ovarian carcinoma; breast cancer; Wilms tumor; Genetik; Genetics; Genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The array-based form of comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) is a new methodology that has shown to be of significant importance. This thesis focuses on the development of array-CGH with the aim to define candidate regions/genes on chromosome 22 in a wide spectrum of cancer-related conditions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The genomic basis of the response to female-limited X-chromosome evolution

    Författare :Yesbol Manat; Evolutionär ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X chromosome; Sex chromosome; Drosophila melanogaster; Experimental evolution; sexual selection; intralocus sexual conflict;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, I attempted to achieve a better understanding of the nature of X-linked polymorphic loci using a female-limited X chromosome (FLX) experimental evolution in Drosophila melanogaster. I expected that expressing the evolved X chromosome will result in an increase in female fitness and a decrease in male fitness. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Image Analysis Techniques for Segmentation, Classification and Presentation of High-Resolution Prometaphase Chromosome

    Författare :Stefan Nivall; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :aberration; segmentation; digital image analysis; high-resolution CCD camera; classification; prometaphase; chromosome; database;

    Sammanfattning : The extraction, analysis, and presentation of integrated optical density (IOD) profiles from banded prometaphase chromosome material is an increasingly important clinical method for the detection and analysis of structural aberrations. Particular translocations, duplications, or deletions of genetic material have been shown to be implicated in specific mental or physical disorders. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Molecular mechanisms in cervical carcinogenesis : Studies of clonality, somatic genetic alterations and human papillomavirus variants in cervical pre-invasive and invasive cancer

    Författare :Zhongmin Guo; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Genetics; cervical cancer; CIN; clonality; X-chromosome inactivation; LOH; HPV; chromosome 3p; chromosome 6; Genetik; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik; Pathology; patologi;

    Sammanfattning : Cervical cancer derives from a series of pre-invasive cervical neoplastic lesions termed CIN I-III (Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia) via typical multiple-step processes. In contrast to premalignant disorders in other organs, different degrees of CIN possess a distinct biological behaviour where a proportion spontaneously regress or persist, whereas some progress to invasive cancer. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Characterization of chromosome abnormalities

    Författare :Anna Lindstrand; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Inborn chromosome abnormalities are a frequent cause of mental retardation and birth defects. Apart from aberrations that are visible in the microscope, a number of submicroscopic alterations have recently been discovered, and all of these chromosome changes are in fact the result of DNA alterations at the molecular level. LÄS MER