Sökning: "chromosomal inversions"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade orden chromosomal inversions.

  1. 1. The evolution of flat periwinkles Littorina fabalis and L. obtusata emhasizing mitochondrial introgression and restricted recombination

    Författare :Petri Kemppainen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Speciation; Local adaptations; Ecotypes; Mitochondrial DNA; Introgression; Restricted recombination; Positive selection; Inversions; Chromosomal rearrangements;

    Sammanfattning : The evolution of species takes in general very long time and different mechanisms are likely to operate during the various stages of this process. Accordingly speciation should be studied at different levels of species divergence. LÄS MER

  2. 2. A Unified Multitude : Experimental Studies of Bacterial Chromosome Organization

    Författare :Eva Garmendia; Diarmaid Hughes; Linus Sandegren; John R. Roth; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; bacterial evolution; chromosome organization and structure; chromosomal inversions; EF-Tu; horizontal gene transfer; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology;

    Sammanfattning : Bacteria are many, old and varied; different bacterial species have been evolving for millions of years and show many disparate life-styles and types of metabolism. Nevertheless, some of the characteristics regarding how bacteria organize their chromosomes are relatively conserved, suggesting that they might be both ancient and important, and that selective pressures inhibit their modification. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Characterization of structural chromosomal variants by massively parallel sequencing

    Författare :Jesper Eisfeldt; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Chromosomal Structural Variation (SV) such as translocations, inversions, deletions, and duplications are rearrangements of one or several DNA molecules. SVs are widespread across the human genome, and each individual carries thousands of SVs of different types and sizes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Genome Evolution of Neurospora tetrasperma

    Författare :Yu Sun; Hanna Johannesson; Siv Andersson; Toni Gabaldon; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neurospora tetrasperma; next-generation sequencing; introgression; intron; chromosomal inversion; codon usage; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis work, I have used a comparative genomics approach to study a fungal model organism, Neurospora tetrasperma. My specific focus has been on genomic introgression, intron evolution, chromosomal structural rearrangements and codon usage. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Investigation of Mechanics of Mutation and Selection by Comparative Sequencing

    Författare :Michael C. Zody; Kerstin Lindblad-Toh; Leif Andersson; Chad Nusbaum; Henrik Kaessmann; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; chicken; chimpanzee; human; evolution; segmental duplication; structural variation; chromosomal rearrangement; comparative genomics; positive selection; selective sweep; Genetics; Genetik; Genetics; genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The process of evolution is of both scientific and medical interest. This thesis presents several studies using complete genomic reference sequences, comparative genomic data, and intraspecific diversity data to study the two key processes of evolution: mutation and selection. LÄS MER