Sökning: "chemical speciation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 100 avhandlingar innehållade orden chemical speciation.

  1. 1. Co-firing animal waste, sludge, residue wood, peat and forest fuels in a 50MWth CFB boiler : ash transformation, availability and process improvements

    Författare :Henrik Hagman; Dan Boström; Rainer Backman; Anders Nordin; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Co-combustion; animal waste; peat; waste wood; forest residues; industrial sludge; limestone; CFB boiler; ash transformation; corrosion; erosion; ash and deposit characteristics; deposit buildup; boiler failures; availability; sulfation; boiler design; boiler conversion; waste derived fuels; large scale; Samförbränning; animaliskt avfall; torv; returträ; skogsbränsle; reningsslam; askomvandling; korrotion; erosion; ask- och beläggnings-karaktäristik; beläggningstillväxt; tillgänglighet; sulfatisering; panndesign; pannkonvertering; avfallsderiverade bränslen; storskalig;

    Sammanfattning : The direct variable costs for heat and electricity production based on solid biomass fuel combustion is approximately 3-5 times lower than the costs in a fossil fuel-oil based boiler in Sweden. In addition waste derived biomass fuels are typically much cheaper than biomass not classified as waste. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Vanadate and Peroxovanadate Complexes of Biomedical Relevance : A speciation approach with focus on diabetes

    Författare :András Gorzsás; Lage Pettersson; Carlos F. G. C. Geraldes; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Inorganic chemistry; vanadium; hydrogen peroxide; lactate; citrate; phosphate; alanyl serine; picolinic acid; speciation; formation constants; equilibrium; solution structure; potentiometry; NMR 51V; 31P; 13C; 1H ; Oorganisk kemi; Inorganic chemistry; Oorganisk kemi; oorganisk kemi; Inorganic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Diabetes mellitus is one of the most threatening epidemics of modern times with rapidly increasing incidence. Vanadium and peroxovanadium compounds have been shown to exert insulin–like actions and, in contrast to insulin, are orally applicable. However, problems with side–effects and toxicity remain. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Uncertainties in chemical speciation calculations

    Författare :Arvid Ödegård Jensen; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  4. 4. Analysis and speciation of organic phosphorus in environmental matrices : Development of methods to improve 31P NMR analysis

    Författare :Johan Vestergren; Gröbner Gerhard; Jurgen Schleucher; Ulrik Ilstedt; Per Persson; Reiner Giesler; Benjamin L. Turner; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Phosphorus; soil; 31P NMR; NaOH EDTA; terrestrial; sulfide; speciation; bioavailability; paramagnetic; humus; boreal; tropical; multi-dimensional; agroforestry; chronosequence; fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Phosphorus (P) is an essential element for life on our planet. It is central in numerous biochemical processes in terrestrial and aqueous ecosystems including food production; and it is the primary growth-limiting nutrient in some of the world’s biomes. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Liquid Membrane Techniques for Trace Metal Analysis and Speciation in Environmental and Biological Matrices

    Författare :Kuria Ndung'u; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Analytical chemistry; Pb and Organotin species; MMLLE; SLM; GC MS; PSA; GFAS; FAAS; ICP-MS; Speciation; DEHPA; Aliquat-336; trace metals; Cr III ; Cr VI ; Analytisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, liquid-membrane-based methods for the analysis of trace metal species in samples of environmental and biological origin were developed. By incorporating extracting reagents in the membrane liquid, trace metal ions were selectively separated from humic-rich natural waters and urine samples, prior to their determination using various instrumental techniques. LÄS MER