Sökning: "chemical fingerprint"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 19 avhandlingar innehållade orden chemical fingerprint.

  1. 1. Tracing and apportioning sources of dioxins using multivariate pattern recognition techniques

    Författare :Anteneh Assefa; Mats Professor; Karin Professor; Paul Professor; Patrik Andersson; Shigeki Masunaga; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin; polychlorinated dibenzofuran; positive matrix fac- torization; PMF; principal component analysis; PCA; Baltic Sea; sediment core; PCDD F; sources; marine; fish; environmental half-live; peak year; peak level; temporal trend; spatial variation; coastal; offshore; chemical fingerprint; Environmental Science; miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : High levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in edible fish in the Baltic Sea have raised health concerns in the Baltic region and the rest of Europe. Thus, there are urgent needs to characterize sources in order to formulate effective mitigation strategies. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ash chemistry and fuel design focusing on combustion of phosphorus-rich biomass

    Författare :Nils Skoglund; Dan Boström; Rainer Backman; Franz Winter; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; phosphorus; biomass; combustion; ash chemistry; fuel design; ash transformation; phosphorus-rich; ash-forming elements; fuel fingerprint; ash transformation reactions; Lewis base; Lewis acid; oorganisk kemi; Inorganic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Biomass is increasingly used as a feedstock in global energy production. This may present operational challenges in energy conversion processes which are related to the inorganic content of these biomasses. As a larger variety of biomass is used the need for a basic understanding of ash transformation reactions becomes increasingly important. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Analysis of Metabolites in Complex Biological Samples Using LC/MS and Multivariate Data Analysis : Metabolic Fingerprinting and Detection of Biomarkers

    Författare :Helena Idborg; Sven Jacobsson; Per-Olof Edlund; Jonas Bergquist; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Metabolomics; Metabonomics; Metabolic Fingerprinting; Drug Metabolism; Biomarkers; Human Plasma; Rat Urine; LC MS; ZIC-HILIC; UPLC; UHPLC; ToF; Curve Resolution; Peak Detection; Pattern Recognition; Classification; PCA; PLS; PARAFAC; N-PLS; Data Fusion; Hierarchical Modeling; Batch modeling; Data Concatenation; Breast Cancer; Phospholipidosis; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry; analytisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : To facilitate early diagnosis of diseases and elucidation of the processes involved in their development and progression, various specific compounds or ‘biomarkers’ are often monitored. The first step is to decide which compounds to analyze. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Electronic structure investigations of transition metal complexes through X-ray spectroscopy

    Författare :Meiyuan Guo; Marcus Lundberg; Hélène Bolvin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; transition metal complexes; x-ray spectroscopy; electronic structures; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Catalysts based on the first-row (3d) transition metals are commonly seen in chemical and biological reactions. To understand the role of the transition metal in the catalyst, the element specific technique core level spectroscopy is used to probe the electronic structure and geometric properties centered around the metal site. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Electron-vibration coupling and its effects on optical and electronic properties of single molecules

    Författare :Guangjun Tian; Yi Luo; Volkhard May; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis is devoted to theoretical investigations of electron-vibration coupling and its effects on optical and electronic properties of single molecules, especially for molecules confined between metallic electrodes.A density-matrix approach has been developed to describe the photon emission of single molecules confined in the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). LÄS MER