Sökning: "cerebral microdialysis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 25 avhandlingar innehållade orden cerebral microdialysis.

  1. 1. Cerebral ischemia studied with positron emission tomography and microdialysis

    Författare :Peter Frykholm; Peter Kirkpatrick; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurosciences; Cerebral ischemia; penumbra; positron emission tomography; microdialysis; middle cerebral artery occlusion; Neurovetenskap; Neurology; Neurologi; Neurosurgery; neurokirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Stroke is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the industrialized world. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), the least common form of stroke, is one of the most demanding diseases treated in neurointensive care units. Cerebral ischemia may develop rapidly, and has a major influence on outcome. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Brain Tissue Oxygenation in Traumatic Brain Injury : Experimental and Clinical Studies

    Författare :Karlis Purins; Anders Lewén; Per Enblad; Oliver Sakowitz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Brain tissue oxygenation; Cerebral metabolism; Traumatic brain injury; Cerebral ischemia; Threshold levels; Neurovent-PTO; Microdialysis; Neurosurgery; Neurokirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. TBI is frequently followed by cerebral ischemia which is a great contributor to secondary brain damage. The main causes of cerebral ischemia are pathophysiological changes in cerebral blood flow and metabolism. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Clinical Bedside Studies of Cerebral Blood Flow in Severe Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Using Xenon CT

    Författare :Henrik Engquist; Per Enblad; Elham Rostami; Anders Lewén; Marianne Juhler; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Subarachnoid hemorrhage; delayed cerebral ischemia; cerebral blood flow; HHH-therapy; triple-H; xenon CT; XeCT; cerebral microdialysis; Neurokirurgi; Neurosurgery;

    Sammanfattning : Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is frequently complicated by delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), contributing to poor outcome. Particularly for patients in poor neurological state, prediction of the acute clinical course is difficult, as is the early detection of DCI. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Neurointensive care of subarachnoid hemorrhage : Clinical and neurochemical aspects

    Författare :Kristina Giuliana Cesarini; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurosciences; SAH; neurointensive care; neurochemical monitoring; cerebral ischemia; microdialysis; cerebral metabolism; secondary ischemic events; clinical outcome; Neurovetenskap; Neurology; Neurologi; Neurosurgery; neurokirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Neurointensive care (NIC) has gained terrain in the treatment of patients with various acute cerebral conditions. It is based on the concept that an unfavorable clinical outcome, to a certain extent, results from all secondary ischemic insults sustained by the brain during the acute phase of the disease. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Bedside monitoring of cerebral energy metabolism using intracerebral microdialysis during neuro intensive care

    Författare :Nils Ståhl; Neurokirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi; Neurologi; neuropsychology; Neurology; glycerol.; glutamate; pyruvate; lactate; glucose; hyperglycaemia; intensive care; brain injury; Human; cerebral microdialysis; neurophysiology;

    Sammanfattning : In clinical situations with raised intracranial pressure (ICP) and impending insufficient cerebral blood flow (ischaemia), bedside information about energy metabolism in the brain would be helpful. Microdialysis is a technique that makes it possible to monitor the interstitial concentrations of various compounds in an organ. LÄS MER