Sökning: "cell polarity"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 63 avhandlingar innehållade orden cell polarity.

  1. 1. RhoGTPase Signaling in Cell Polarity and Gene Regulation

    Författare :Ann-Sofi Johansson; Pontus Aspenström; Johan Lennartsson; Christer Larsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Cell and molecular biology; RhoGTPase; Par6; cell polarity; aPKC; epithelial cell; PDGF; gene regulation; microarray; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : RhoGTPases are proteins working as molecular switches as they bind and hydrolyze GTP. They are in their active conformation when GTP is bound and are then able to interact with their effector proteins, which relay the downstream signaling. When the GTP is hydrolyzed to GDP, the RhoGTPase is inactivated. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Regulation of cell polarity and invasion by TGF-β and BMP signaling

    Författare :Mahsa Shahidi Dadras; Aristidis Moustakas; Petra Knaus; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Cancer; cancer stem cells; invasion; metastasis; polarity; TGF-β signaling.;

    Sammanfattning : Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathways are involved in many physiological processes during embryonic and adult life. TGF-β promotes epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). We identified a gene target of TGF-β signaling, encoding the salt-inducible kinase 1 (SIK1). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Diversification of TGF-β Signaling in Homeostasis and Disease

    Författare :Michael Vanlandewijck; Aristidis Moustakas; Carl-Henrik Heldin; Steven Dooley; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TGF-β; signaling; SIK; EMT; polarity; Notch; ALK5; p21; growth arrest; Smurf; Smad7; receptor; SNF1LK; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Cell Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : With the dawn of metazoans, the ability of cells to communicate with each other became of paramount importance in maintaining tissue homeostasis. The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathway, which plays important roles during embryogenesis and in the adult organism, signals via a heterodimeric receptor complex consisting of two type II and two type I receptors. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Cell-to-Cell Signalling in Arabidopsis Root Development

    Författare :Christina Joy Roberts; Annelie Carlsbecker; Dolf Weijers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; HD-ZIP III; miRNA; plasmodesmata; auxin; ROS; xylem; Biologi med inriktning mot fysiologisk botanik; Biology with specialization in Physiological Botany;

    Sammanfattning : Development in multicellular organisms requires a strict balance between cell division and differentiation. The simple architecture of the Arabidopsis thaliana root makes it an ideal model for studying molecular mechanisms controlling both the transition from cell division to cell differentiation and cell fate determination. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Identification and Characterization of Proteins and MicroRNAs that Modulate Receptor Signaling, Vesicular Trafficking and Cell Migration in Vascular Cells

    Författare :Johan Heldin; Johan Kreuger; Jonas Fuxe; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Angiogenesis; cell migration; signaling; VEGF; FGD5; ExoC3L2; microRNA; RhoD; Molekylär cellbiologi; Molecular Cellbiology;

    Sammanfattning : Blood vessels deliver nutrients and oxygen to tissues. Importantly, the functions and growth of blood vessels are commonly altered in disease. The inside of all blood vessels are lined with endothelium, a thin specialized layer of endothelial cells that separate the blood from other tissues. LÄS MER