Sökning: "cell differentiation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1299 avhandlingar innehållade orden cell differentiation.

  1. 1. Creating cell microenvironments in vitro

    Författare :Patric Wallin; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cell migration; lipid bilayers; cell differentiation; liquid handling; surface functionalization; Microfluidics; chemotractant gradients; mammalian cell culture; cell microenvironments; in vitro screening assay;

    Sammanfattning : Stem cells have a great potential to bring about advancements in fields like developmental biology, drug discovery, cancer biology and tissue engineering. In order to be able to use stem cells to their full potential, it is important to have control over their behavior. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Molecular Mechanisms in Endothelial Cell Differentiation

    Författare :Emma Rennel; Pär Gerwins; Lena Claesson-Welsh; Ian Zachary; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pathology; angiogenesis; FGF-2; VEGF-A; signal transduction; in vitro angiogenesis assay; immortalized brain endothelial cells; H-Ras; tetracycline-regulated gene expression; microarray; telomerase immortalized human microvascular endothelial cells; differentiation; Patologi; Pathology; Patologi;

    Sammanfattning : Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from the pre-existing blood vessels. Blood vessels are composed of endothelial cells and supporting musculature. Angiogenesis is regulated by numerous soluble ligands and by cell-matrix interactions. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neogenesis and alloxan toxicity in pancreatic islets, with special reference to the transplanted human β-cell

    Författare :Björn Tyrberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; Alloxan; β-cell; diabetes; differentiation; growth; insulin secretion; nephrectomy; ob ob; pancreatic islet; transplantation; guinea-pig human; mouse; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this work was to study whether adult human pancreatic β-cells have the capacity to proliferate in culture and after transplantation to the renal subcapsular space of mice. An immunosuppressive regimen for human islet discordant xenotransplantation to mice was designed. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Pancreatic extracellular communication. Applications to beta cell cultures and islet amyloid polypeptide aggregation

    Författare :Diana Ribeiro; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; in vitro pancreatic models; induced pluripotent stem cells; stem cell differentiation; insulin; 3D-culture; extracellular vesicles; glucose-stimulated insulin secretion; islet amyloid polypeptide; type 2 diabetes mellitus; extracellular matrix; adipose-derived stem cells; Diabetes mellitus; protein aggregation;

    Sammanfattning : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease with epidemic proportions due to increased incidences worldwide, persistence of undiagnosed cases, uncontrolled forms of the disease, association with cardiovascular complications, and lack of definitive treatment options. In particular, type 2 DM (T2DM) is placing an enormous financial burden on worldwide healthcare systems that will increase in the futureThere is a need to develop physiological assay platforms that provide functionally relevant models of diabetes in order to accelerate the discovery of new treatments. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Extracellular Matrix Based Materials for Tissue Engineering

    Författare :Cecilia Aulin; Jöns Hilborn; Tim Bowden; Laura Creemers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Extracellular matrix; collagen synthesis; bioreactor; cell culture; bone morphogenetic protein-2; noggin; hyaluronan; cartilage; Medical technology; Medicinsk teknik; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; Transplantation surgery; Transplantationskirurgi; Biomaterials; Biomaterial; Morphology; cell biology; pathology; Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi; Materials chemistry; Materialkemi; cellforskning; Cell Research; materialvetenskap; Materials Science; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; ortopedi; Orthopaedics;

    Sammanfattning : The extracellular matrix is (ECM) is a network of large, structural proteins and polysaccharides, important for cellular behavior, tissue development and maintenance. Present thesis describes work exploring ECM as scaffolds for tissue engineering by manipulating cells cultured in vitro or by influencing ECM expression in vivo. LÄS MER