Sökning: "caries"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 113 avhandlingar innehållade ordet caries.

  1. 1. Dentine caries : acid tolerant microorganisms and aspects on collagen degradation

    Författare :Anders Hedenbjörk Lager; Malmö högskola; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dental Caries; Collagen; Cariogenic Agents;

    Sammanfattning : Karies är en stor folksjukdom, trots att den både kan förebyggas och behandlas effektivt. Om man inte ingriper preventivt och låter det naturliga förloppet råda, kommer kariesangreppet till slut att bryta igenom emaljen och involvera även den underliggande dentinvävnaden. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Försök till tidig diagnos av kariessjukdomen

    Författare :Claes-Göran Crossner; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; dental caries; caries prediction; caries prevention; lactobacilli; salivary secretion rate;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the present thesis was to find a test for prediction of caries activity which would be useful in routine clinical work.Correlations between oral health, general health, food habits and socioeconomic conditions were investigated in 4- and 8-year-old children. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Fluoride varnish programmes for adolescents at school – caries, conceptions and costs

    Författare :Eva-Karin Bergström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :adolescents; approximal caries; caries incidence; caries increment; caries prevalence; cost-analysis; dental nurse; fluoride varnish; oral health promotion; phenomenography; population-based; school programme;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis was to study the effects on caries, conceptions and costs of school-based fluoride varnish programmes for adolescents in Sweden. Paper I was a 3.5-year randomised controlled study of 1,143 adolescents, in a low caries prevalence area. LÄS MER

  4. 4. On Dental Caries and Caries-Related Factors in Children and Teenagers

    Författare :Anita Alm; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescents; Approximal caries; Caries experience; Early childhood caries; Oral hygiene; Fluoride toothpaste; Plaque; Psychosocial factors; Snacking habits; Body mass index;

    Sammanfattning : On Dental Caries and Caries-Related Factors in Children and Teenagers Anita Alm, Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 450, SE-405 30 G?teborg, Sweden Dental caries is still a common disease among children and adolescents. The aims of the present thesis were therefore: 1) to investigate the approximal caries prevalence in posterior teeth in 15-year-olds, 2) to study past caries experience in the primary dentition in relation to future caries development and need for treatment, 3) to investigate factors during early childhood which are associated with caries development later in life, and 4) to study the association between age-specific body mass index (isoBMI) and approximal caries status in 15-year-olds. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Effect of Probiotics on Caries-related Variables

    Författare :Sahal Alforaidi; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Bacterial interference; Caries; Caries prevention; Dental biofilm; Dental plaque; Lactobacilli; Lactobacillus reuteri; Streptococcus mutans; Plaque acidogenicity; Probiotics; qPCR; Saliva; Virulence;

    Sammanfattning : In relation to the caries disease, the aims of this thesis were to investigate the effect of probiotic drops on different caries-related variables in vivo (Papers I & III), on interference capability and genetic response to different metabolites in vitro (II) and systematically to review the best mode and dose of administration based on the examined oral outcomes (IV). The effects on colonisation and cariogenic bacteria were studied in plaque and saliva via plating and qPCR-analyses in teenagers and orthodontic patients after short-term exposure. LÄS MER