Sökning: "cardiac tamponade"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade orden cardiac tamponade.

  1. 1. Minimally invasive cardiorespiratory monitoring and lung recruitment manoeuvres. Studies in animals and humans

    Författare :Helena Odenstedt; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Monitoring; cardiac output; lung volume; lung recruitment manoeuvre; regional ventilation; acute lung injury; bronchoalveolar lavage; endotoxin; cardiac tamponade;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The maintenance of adequate oxygen delivery is essential to preserve organ function. The circulatory and respiratory systems interact closely to accomplish this. Optimising the function of these systems is of fundamental importance in critically ill patients. This requires adequate monitoring techniques. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nitric oxide production by the intestinal mucosa during hypoperfusion

    Författare :Johan Snygg; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nitric oxide; nitric oxide synthase; intestinal epithelium; hemorrhagic shock; cardiac tamponade; septic shock; lower body negative pressure; splanchnic circulation; substrate; laser Doppler;

    Sammanfattning : The present thesis is based on the concept that gastrointestinal blood hypoperfusion is a common phenomenon associated with critical illness. Furthermore, the development of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is proposed to be initiated by gastrointestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction, allowing intestinal luminal contents to penetrate into the tissue and activate a systemic inflammatory response. LÄS MER

  3. 3. CARDIOTHORACIC TRAUMA: A Scandinavian Perspective

    Författare :Moheb A. Rashid; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Cardiothoracic trauma; Trauma; Extrapleural hematoma; Sternal fractures; Heart and lung contusions; Cardiac; pulmonary; and thoracic aortic injuries; Urgent or emergency room department thoracotomy; Sternotomy; Paraplegia; Outcome.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Trauma in general is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and causes more loss of productive years than ischemic heart disease and malignancy together. Cardiothoracic trauma occurs in 60% of multitrauma patients and is 2-3 times more common than intra-abdominal visceral injuries. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The gastrointestinal tract in cardiac anaesthesia and intensive care : Clinical and experimental studies

    Författare :Jenny Seilitz; Kristofer Nilsson; Kjell Jansson; Birger Axelsson; Måns Edström; Sten Rubertsson; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute Gastrointestinal Injury grade; biomarkers; extracorporeal circulation; splanchnic perfusion; inotropic drugs; vasoactive drugs; lactate; lactate pyruvate ratio;

    Sammanfattning : Gastrointestinal (GI) complications after cardiac surgery have a substantial impact on outcome. The aims were to investigate the frequency of, and methods for detecting, GI dysfunction after cardiac surgery and its relation to outcome, and the impact of vasoactive drugs on the GI tract in experimental cardiogenic shock. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Advanced radiological imaging in patients treated with Extracorporeal Memebrane Oxygenation

    Författare :Marika Lidegran; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ECMO; computed tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; acute respiratory distress syndrome; thorax; abdomen; intracranial hemorrhage; cerebral infarction; follow-up;

    Sammanfattning : Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the use of a modified heart-lung machine to support life during severe acute cardiac and/or respiratory failure. Patients on ECMO are at high risk for complications due to the severe underlying disease and to the ECMO procedure itself. LÄS MER