Sökning: "carbonaceous aerosols"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 10 avhandlingar innehållade orden carbonaceous aerosols.

  1. 1. Studies of tropospheric aerosols at selected sites in Kenya

    Författare :Michael James Gatari; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :environment; vehicular emissions; Mount Kenya; Nairobi; human health; air pollution; carbonaceous aerosols;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  2. 2. Studies of Volcanic Influence on Aerosols, Clouds and Climate

    Författare :Johan Friberg; Ergonomi och aerosolteknologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; lowermost stratosphere; volcanic aerosol; upper troposphere; sulfurous aerosol; carbonaceous aerosol; ion beam analysis; volcanism; indirect effect; radiative forcing; direct effect; Stratosphere; Fysicumarkivet A:2016:Friberg;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on the influence of volcanism on the compositions of the aerosols in the upper troposphere (UT) and lowermost stratosphere (LMS), and their direct and indirect impact on climate. Aerosol data were obtained by aircraft-borne sampling, using the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) platform, and laboratory-based ion beam analysis of aerosol samples at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility (LIBAF). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Particulate and gaseous emissions from residential biomass combustion

    Författare :Christoffer Boman; Anders Nordin; Ingwald Obernberger; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Chemistry; aerosols; air pollution; emissions; fuel pellets; residential biomass combustion; inorganic characterization; incomplete combustion; particulate matter; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; trace elements; Kemi; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Biomass is considered to be a sustainable energy source with significant potentials for replacing electricity and fossil fuels, not at least in the residential sector. However, present wood combustion is a major source of ambient concentrations of hydrocarbons (e.g. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Development and Evaluation of Methods in Source Apportionment of the Carbonaceous Aerosol

    Författare :Johan Martinsson; Kärnfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carbonaceous aerosol; organic aerosol; aerosol particles; source apportionment; air pollution;

    Sammanfattning : Carbonaceous aerosols are known to affect human health negatively and to affect the climate of Earth. As specific types of aerosols originate from specific sources, it is important to know the amount of aerosols emitted from each source. Aerosol source apportionment is an important tool in mitigating air pollution and improving air quality. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Volcanic Aerosols in the Upper Troposphere and Stratosphere – Aircraft- and Satellite-Based Observations

    Författare :Sandra Andersson; Kärnfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carbonaceous aerosol; sulphate; ash; volcanic particles; upper troposphere; lowermost stratosphere; Stratospheric aerosol; volcanism; aerosol optical depth; radiative forcing; Fysicumarkivet A:2015:Andersson;

    Sammanfattning : Volcanic eruptions are the largest source of variability in the stratospheric particle concentration as they inject SO2 that is subsequently converted into sulphate particles. No major perturbation of the stratospheric aerosol load has been observed since the large eruption of Pinatubo in 1991, but several moderate eruptions after 2000 have caused deviations from stratospheric background conditions. LÄS MER