Sökning: "cancer risk assessment"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 185 avhandlingar innehållade orden cancer risk assessment.

  1. 1. Cancer Risk Assessment of Glycidol : Evaluation of a Multiplicative Risk Model for Genotoxic Compounds

    Författare :Jenny Aasa; Margareta Törnqvist; Elaine M. Faustman; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; glycidol; 3-monochloropropane-1; 2-diol 3-MCPD ; genotoxicity; mutations; micronuclei; hemoglobin adducts; in vivo dose; multiplicative risk model; cancer risk assessment; human cancer risk; miljökemi; Environmental Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Humans are exposed to chemical compounds in everyday life, both from the environment and from endogenous processes. Some compounds constitute a risk for cancer development. One such compound is glycidol, which is genotoxic and an animal carcinogen. It is the model compound of this work, partly due to its presence in food. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Thyroid cancer : studies on etiology and prognosis

    Författare :Arne Hallquist; Lennart Hardell; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Thyroid cancer; prognostic factors; etiology; occupation; medical ionizing radiation; reproductive; and family factors;

    Sammanfattning : Thyroid cancer constitutes about 1% of all malignant tumours and the incidence is increasing in Sweden. It is rare in children before the age of 10. During puberty the female to male ratio increases to be two to three times more common in females. The ratio remains constant until menopause and thereafter declines. LÄS MER

  3. 3. The extent of gynaecological cancer : Evaluation, outcome and quality of life

    Författare :Björg Jónsdottir; Karin Stålberg; Inger Sundström Poromaa; Håkan Ahlström; Päivi Kannisto; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Ovarian cancer; endometrial cancer; cytoreductive surgery CRS ; PET MRI; MRI; Peritoneal cancer index PCI ; myometrial invasion MI ; quality of life.; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis was to enhance treatment planning for gynaecological cancer patients and identify women that are more likely to have impaired quality of life (QoL) after treatment. In a retrospective cohort study on ovarian cancer, the peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was examined in relation to incomplete cytoreductive surgeries (CRS) and surgical complications (n=167). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Prognosis, Prediction and Risk Assessment in the Prevention and Treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Författare :Martin Sandelin; Christer Janson; Henrik Riska; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chemoradiation therapy; induction chemotherapy; thrombocytosis; anaemia; leucocytosis; EGFR; guidelines; molecular pathology; ACOS; COPD; risk assessment; comorbidities; Lung Medicine; Lungmedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Lung cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer. Smoking causes roughly 90% of lung cancer cases. Concurrent chemoradiation therapy is the standard of care for stage IIIb patients with performance status (PS) 0-1. A less toxic approach is warranted for less fit patients. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Improved Nutritional Support in Cancer Patients

    Författare :Christina Persson; Ursula Falkmer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Oncology; Cancer; weight loss; PG-SGA; dietary advice; education; fish oil; melatonin; Onkologi; Oncology; Onkologi; Oncology; onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : Weight loss and other nutritional problems are common in cancer patients. The problems are of importance for response to treatment and survival and the well-being of the patients.Nutritional support can be carried out in different ways. LÄS MER