Sökning: "calcium phosphate cement"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 15 avhandlingar innehållade orden calcium phosphate cement.

  1. 1. Calcium aluminate cement as dental restorative : Mechanical properties and clinical durability

    Författare :Karin Sunnegårdh-Grönberg; Jan van Dijken; Preben Hørsted Bindslev; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :mechanical properties; clinical; restorations; ceramic; cement; resin composite; adaptation; SEM; odontologi; Odontology;

    Sammanfattning : In 1995, the Swedish government recommended the discontinuation of amalgam as restorative in paediatric dentistry. Because the mercury content in amalgam constitutes an environmental hazard, its use has declined. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The biological and physical performance of high strength dicalcium phosphate cement in physiologically relevant models

    Författare :Michael Pujari-Palmer; Håkan Engqvist; Marjam Karlsson Ott; Christele Combes; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; biomaterial; bioceramic; osteoinduction; calcium phosphate; cement; osteoblast; pyrophosphate; Rebamipide; drug delivery; screw augmentation; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical properties of calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are very similar to the mineral phase of bone. CPCs are, consequently, very effective substrates (scaffolds) for tissue engineering; bone and stem cells attach readily, and can proliferate and differentiate to form new bone tissue. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Can Bone Void Fillers Carry Load? : Behaviour of Calcium Phosphate Cements Under Different Loading Scenarios

    Författare :Ingrid Ajaxon; Cecilia Persson; Caroline Öhman-Mägi; Uwe Gbureck; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Calcium phosphate; bone cement; brushite; apatite; monetite; porosity; solvent exchange; degradation; compressive strength; diametral tensile strength; flexural strength; elastic modulus; Poisson’s ratio; fatigue; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are used as bone void fillers and as complements to hardware in fracture fixation. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the possibilities and limitations of the CPCs’ mechanical properties, and find out if these ceramic bone cements can carry application-specific loads, alone or as part of a construct. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Submicron Calcium Phosphate Spheres for Biomedical Applications : Synthesis and Use

    Författare :Tao Qin; Håkan Engqvist; Fredrik Nikolajeff; Jie Huang; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; calcium phosphate; spheres; dentinal hypersensitivity; drug release; tooth bleaching;

    Sammanfattning : Calcium phosphate spheres as biomaterials have been attracting attention in recent years. Calcium phosphate occurs naturally in bone, and a hollow structure could be advantageous for drug loading and release. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Calcium Phosphate Based Biomaterials for Bone Augmentation

    Författare :Jun Luo; Cecilia Persson; Håkan Engqvist; Marc Bohner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; bone substitute materials; calcium phosphate cements; apatite; brushite; monetite; setting mechanism; premixed; fibre reinforcement; composite; silk fibroin; mechanical properties; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : Basic (apatite-based) calcium phosphate cements (CPCs), and acidic (brushite and monetite-based) CPCs are used as bone replacement materials because of their bioactivity, mouldability and ability to harden in place. However, their application is limited by their inherent brittleness and difficulties related to their handling. LÄS MER